A female's home range varies between one to fifteen acres in size, while a male's range may be as large as one hundred acres. Running speeds of the eastern cottontail can reach eighteen miles per hour. That gives them 360 degrees of vision, except for a small blind spot directly in front. That implies that rabbits experience at least some feelings as we do, even if not to the same degree. They growl and grunt, or may scream if caught by a predator. The female is capable of producing a litter of up to eight or more babies (called kits or kittens) every 30 days. The cottontail is found throughout the eastern and Midwestern United States, and is common throughout much of its range. Then the female does the jump-and-spin while he does the run-and-spin. The routes may include holes in fences, paths through dense vegetation or even through tunnels with multiple exits. They’re lucky if they live for two or three years, even though their potential lifespan is eight to 10 years. Eastern Cottontails can be found in the meadows, agricultural areas, orchards and woodlands of North and South America. Home range sizes of female rabbits range from 1-15 acres and males use up to 100 acres. Mahatma Gandhi once said (probably in a different context) “A rabbit that runs away from the bull-terrier is not particularly non-violent,” and if it gets cornered, it may deliver a “rabbit punch:” It leaps in the air and over the back of its predator, and while aloft, delivers a powerful kick to the back of its enemy’s head or neck with its hind legs.1 If it gets caught, it’ll fight to its death. It will sometimes stand on its hind feet to watch for predators like coyotes, foxes, weasels, eagles and hawks. And, they also can purr to express contentment, which evokes the thought of a cat’s throaty rumble, doesn’t it? Eastern Cottontails are territorial, especially the females during mating season. Mountain cottontails, and a number of other species, also spread north into Canada. Several species of cottontails inhabit North America, but here in eastern Ontario, the familiar “bunny rabbit” is the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus).This species weighs 1.1 to 1.2 kg, and may be about 450 mm long (Banfield 1974, Forsyth 1985), with the female the larger animal. City life has put these fragile animals at a bit of a disadvantage against predators because of the lack of thickets and dense grasses. 4. The Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus ) is a species of cottontail rabbit native to North, Central, and South America. Cottontail rabbits are year-round residents in Pennsylvania. The body is pale gray washed with yellow. She doesn’t remain with them, to avoid attracting attention. Like other rabbits, Eastern Cottontails fight each other, too: Their ears go back, the chin juts forward, thumping begins, growls are emitted, and a war is on. They have big eyes, long ears, and large hind legs and feet. Eastern cottontail rabbits—named for their short, cotton-ball-like tails—are the most common species of cottontail rabbits. The young are … Males may be sexually mature at only one month of age and females within their first year. A different male fathers each litter and males don’t participate in the parenting. Species has been increasing in Southwestern North Dakota, and displacing Mountain Cottontail. But a cottontail produces a purr by grinding its teeth. Then there’s the leveling they can do to a vegetable patch—that alone can leave a hardworking gardener in dispair. When he lands, they’re both facing each other again. The New England cottontail is native to the state. By then, they’re foraging on their own but still need her milk. As you may already know, rabbits are birthing machines. There are 13 species of rabbits. The eastern cottontail home range is roughly circular in uniform habitats. They can be found from Canada to South America; in the United States, their range stretches from the East Coast to the Midwest. They’re prey for just about anything that’s large enough to catch and hold onto them. They have color vision, but it seems to be limited to some blue and green wavelengths. Cottontails range from reddish brown to gray, but all feature the distinctive “cotton ball” tail for which they are named. The range of one cottontail is no more than five acres (about the size of five football fields). They grow into fluffy, playful juveniles, jumping into the air and chasing each other around while making low purring, growling, and grunting sounds. Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) Description & Range: Cottontail rabbits are small animals with speckled brown fur, which fades to white underneath. (Geoff Chandler / DCResource; cc by 2.0), The cottontail mother continues to visit her kits until they’re 18 to 21 days old. The Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the Leporidae family and has a chunky appearance with a red-brown or gray-brown fur coloring. Cottontails likes to live in bushy areas where their presence is not easily detected by predators. Well, you be the judge: They’re capable of learning their name and will follow simple commands. Eastern Cottontail Description. All this playing gives them the skills they’ll need for maneuvers to win mates, rule their turf and save their lives. A single species covers most of the United States, as the eastern cottontail is incredibly widespread.The western United States has a smattering of various species, and additional species spread south into Mexico and Central America. Hares are generally larger and have longer legs and ears. Its coat is generally a dappled mixture of … Comment 35,905 square Kilometers from Natural Heritage Program range maps. If they must flee, they bound away through one of several escape routes they’ve already plotted throughout their range. Males and females are generally the same size and color. They also eat spilled seed at bird feeders. Cottontails are built for speed, jumping, and agility. It is mostly nocturnal, but it sometimes will come out in the early morning and at dusk and sometimes during the day on dark days. Eastern Cottontail resting in a form. These are pellets that exit through her anus, but they aren’t feces. In spring and summer, cottontails feed on buds, clover, lush grasses, dandelion heads, flower blossoms, legumes, lettuce, and even fruit. (Humans, by comparison, have merely five or six million receptors.) Throughout their range, cottontails can be found in meadows or any open grassy area with an abundance of well-distributed dense shrubs for cover. Have you noticed that rabbits twitch their nose? 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