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1 samuel 16:1 commentary

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However, Samuel told them his mission and they moved forward. 1 Samuel 16:2 = No! “Verses 16:1 – 31:13”: The third major division of Samuel recounts the steady demise of Saul and the selection and preparation of David for the kingship. At some point during the sacrifice, the Lord … Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. But Samuel said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.” 9 Jesse then had Shammah pass by, but Samuel said, “Nor has the Lord chosen this one.” 10 Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to him, “The Lord has not chosen these.” 11 So he asked Jesse, “Are these all the sons you have?” By registering for an account, ... 1 Samuel 16:1 David Anointed King. This story, with so much of the Old Testament, affirms that God’s “providence” operates beyond the spectrum in which our sight operates, but even so we remain within God’s view. Mourn— And pray for his restitution, which the following words imply he did. But here it is used in the designation of a king; for David was not actually made king by it, but still remained a subject. I Samuel 16:14-23 David Anointed The New King. Preaching on John 9:1-41 reminds me of the children’s book A Fish Out of Water. They seemed to come bearing only bad news. “Yahweh said, ‘Arise, anoint him; for this is he‘” (v. 12). Saul Fights the Philistines (1 Samuel 14:15-52) 12. “Samuel said to Jesse, ‘Send and get him; for we will not sit down until he comes here'” (v. 11b). A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Samuel is an old man. Apparently, since we buy the watches. His anointing set him apart for his unique role as prophet, priest, and king. 1 Samuel 16:1-13 Commentary by David G. Garber Jr. At the beginning of this chapter, the Lord instructed David to fill his horn with oil for this occasion (16:1). 16 The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mournu for Saul, since I have rejectedv him as king over Israel? And the reason of this success might be partly natural, and partly supernatural, respecting David; whom God designed by this means to bring into favour with the king, and so to smooth the way for his advancement. Samuel, Saul and David. This morning we’re going to be in 1 Samuel 17. It must have been a significant moment for David’s brothers to see the revered prophet anoint their brother. Psalms that may go with this period: 8, 19, 23, and 29. 1 Samuel 16:23. Saul, Jonathan, and the Philistines (1 Samuel 13:15-14:15) 11. In the reading for the fourth Sunday of Lent from 1 Samuel 16, that central Bible truth was usually the statement from verse 7 that humans “look on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart.” On one level, this was a theological lesson: God loves you … Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 16:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Samuel made his farewell address (chapter 12) after renewing Saul's kingship (11:14-15). Of what would he not be guilty, who durst think to kill Samuel? A. Full Name. The next verse says, “now the Spirit of Yahweh departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from Yahweh troubled him” (16:14). v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. The New Testament speaks of Jesus as anointed (John 20:31; Acts 5:42; Hebrews 1:9, etc.). The *Lord calls Samuel. For the last century or more, the taller of the two final presidential candidates has almost always won. When dealing with matters of God’s actions and will, human sight is an inadequate tool. And Samuel said, How can I go? Anointing with oil was used for various purposes (healing, burial, expressing grief or joy). I have provided— This phrase is very emphatical, and implies the d… Baldwin, Joyce G., Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries:1 & 2 Samuel, Vol. “and the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily on David from that day forward“ (v. 13b). (6-13) Saul troubled with an evil spirit, is quieted by David. 8 (Downers Grove, Illinois: Inter-Varsity Press, 1988), Bergin, Robert D., The New American Commentary: 1, 2 Samuel, Vol. In the ancient Near East, the shepherd was a symbol of the king. The anointing leads to the spirit of the Lord empowering David. Kings were anointed (1 Samuel 10:1; 16:3, 12-13; 2 Samuel 23:1; 1 Kings 1:39). A. Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. Password. Note also that God’s eye here is on the flock and not just the individual sparrow. The spirit of the Lord not only comes upon him, but will remain on him “from that day forward” — permanently. The elders of Bethlehem trembled at Samuel's coming. 1 Samuel 16:1-10. 8. The message is rather clear. Samuel’s decision not to sit down until David arrives emphasizes the significance of the occasion. 13Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers: and the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily on David from that day forward. 1. SAMUEL SENT BY GOD TO BETHLEHEM. Having accomplished his mission, the old man, Samuel, returns home. As God had done in the past, God was again venturing out ahead of the people, authoring the scroll of their story before it had yet been unrolled. Email. He is the quintessential example of what it means to be a follower of Yahweh. The Lord has really been ministering to me about some things in 1 Samuel 12, 16 and 17. Used with permission. I Samuel 15:1-15 Saul’s Rebellion Concerning Agag. I have chosen one of his sons to be king.” 2 But Samuel said, “How can I go? The Designation of David as King (1 Samuel 16:1-23) 14. Most especially, it was used to designate a person for a significant role. Even the great prophet Samuel did not know what God was doing. A. The evil spirit departed — Namely, for a season. Ancient audiences would have been touched by the irony that the one who was thought too insignificant to be considered for the role of king was actually already fulfilling his future vocation: shepherding the flock. When the eldest son Eliab, who was tall and fair, passed before Samuel, the prophet thought, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is now before the Lord.” Commentary, 1 Samuel 16:1-13 (Lent 4A), Roger Nam, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2014. Back in 1 Sam 9:19, Samuel had even referred to himself as a “seer,” literally a “see-er” (h)ero). 1 Samuel 16:13 = No. I Samuel 16:1-13 Samuel Goes to Bethlehem. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. And the cars, hamburgers, and light beer. 1 Samuel 16:4 = With apprehension. Saul is still king now — and will be for some time to come. This brief narrative drama–beautiful in its use of irony, suspense, and reversal of expectations–plays upon the contrast between seeing and hearing. Chapter 16 begins with Samuel mourning for Saul as one would mourn for the dead. Thus says the Lord: “The Lord does not see as mortals see: they look on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart.”. The L ord said, “Rise and anoint him; for this is the one.” 13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the presence of his brothers; and the spirit of the L ord came mightily upon David from that day forward. The human sense of hearing–if we are listening to God–is preferable. 10 (Dallas: Word Books, 1983), Newsome, James D., in Brueggemann, Walter; Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R.; and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV — Year B (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993), Peterson, Eugene H., Westminster Bible Companion: First and Second Samuel (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999), Tsumura, David Toshio, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament: The First Book of Samuel (Grand Rapids: Wm. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. 1 Samuel 16 – God Chooses David A. Samuel anoints David as king. We will hear of Samuel only once more (19:18-24) before his death (25:1). (1-3) God tells Samuel to go and anoint a new king over Israel. And the reason of this anticipation was the comfort of Samuel, and other good men, against their fears in case of Saul's death, and the assurance of David's title, which otherwise would have been doubtful. “Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers“ (v. 13a). (1 Samuel 16:1). It is not by the appearance of a man; Vg. 25 Now therefore, please pardon my sin and c return with me that I may bow before the L ord.” 26 And Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you. Free Bible Study Tools. One of the primary messages of this story is that God is (yet again) providing for the welfare of the people. At this point, the story transitions from Samuel to David. Neither Saul nor David’s older brothers might have understood the way in which God was providing for Israel as a good way, but God’s eyes were on the people as a whole and not merely the individuals. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. (1) In the present situation, the Lord instructed Samuel to invite Jesse and his sons to the sacrifice (1 Samuel 16:3). 1 Samuel 16:1 = Bethlehem. ), The Lectionary Commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday’s Text. In our age we tend to individualize so many of the messages of the Bible. We may not sense what God is doing in our midst or how God is leading us. 1 Samuel 16:1 Lit. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he (1-5) David is anointed. 16:1 Mourn - And pray for his restitution, which the following words imply he did. I Samuel 15:16-35 Saul Pleads For Forgiveness. Renewing the Kingdom (1 Samuel 11:14-12:25) 9. Fill your horn with oil, and come, I shall send you to Jesse, the Bethlehemite, for I have seen for Myself a king among his sons." I have chosen one of his sons to be king." They could not understand the full import of this choice, because David would become a great king like nobody before or since in the history of Israel. This dimension of the text rings out loudly in our cultural context. In the Bible, kings and other leaders — even God and Jesus — are often compared to shepherds (Numbers 27:17; 2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Kings 22;17; Psalm 23; Jeremiah 12:10; 23:1-4; Ezekiel 34:2; John 10:1-10). Saul and the Amalekites (1 Samuel 15:1-35) 13. Nevertheless, it would be a sobering moment for the brothers — and everyone present. Reversal of human fortune: Hannah’s barrenness gave way to children (1 Samuel 1:1–28; 2:21); Samuel became prophet instead of Eli’s sons (2:12; 3:13); Saul rose to prominence though he was from a lowly tribe; and David was anointed king though he was the youngest son (16:1–13). The fact that David has been serving as a shepherd points to his future role as a king. “He sent, and brought him in. But Saul made an unlawful sacrifice, and Samuel told him, "You have done foolishly. The Lord’s spirit will also make David a great king. if Saul hear it, he will kill me. A. The central drama in 1 Samuel 16 is a much-loved story. The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. Professor of Old Testament and Alvin N. Rogness Chair in Scripture, Theology, and Ministry, A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. 1:1-8:22 Of Samuel’s resignation of the government and Saul’s advancement and mal-administration, 1 Sam. Where was David from? The Lord chooses the unlikely candidate — the youngest rather than the eldest — perhaps the smallest — the one deemed most unlikely to succeed by his father. Nor do I … 16 The Lord said to Samuel, r “How long will you grieve over Saul, since s I have rejected him from being king over Israel? God likes working with seemingly inferior candidates, because people are more likely to understand their success as the result or the Lord’s power rather than the individual’s power (1 Corinthians 1:27-29). Bible Commentary for 1 Samuel 16:1. 7 (Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996), Birch, Bruce C., The New Interpreter’s Bible: Numbers- Samuel, Vol. But here it is used in the designation of a king; for David was not actually made king by it, but still remained a subject. Soon, we will see the dramatic effects of that power, when little David— too small to wear a warrior’s armor — slays the giant, Goliath (chapter 17). Samuel then set out and went to Ramah. David will become king later. Given the Lord’s earlier instruction, “Don’t look on his face, or on the height of his stature,” we are surprised to learn that David has beautiful eyes and is handsome. But Samuel … Finally, Samuel has occasion to use it. Q. When the eldest son Eliab, who was tall and fair, passed before Samuel, the prophet thought, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is now before the Lord.” God’s response has echoed down through the ages: “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for the Lord does not see as mortals see: they look on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart” (v. 7). Samuel had Jesse present all of his sons so that the anointing from God could commence the next king over God’s people. It signals that God has “seen” the people’s need even before they are aware of it. ), which the WEB has updated. Samuel has to prompt Jesse to bring David in from the fields so that he might look at him. tan)— the Hebrew word can also mean the smallest (Klein). 1 Samuel 16 1-Samuel 16:8 But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart." t Fill your horn with oil, and go. The chapter’s key word “see” (h)r) is again in play, especially in v. 7, where it occurs five times. How were prophets received in Israel at that time? Fill your horn with oilw and be on your way; I am sending you to Jessex of Bethlehem. In the midst of a group of complex lessons (not in sequence) from Romans, this pericope from Ephesians suddenly appears. 1 Samuel Chapter 16 Summary In those days if a prophet came to visit you, it was largely because there was a problem. 1 Samuel 17 Chapter 16 At this chapter begins the story of David, one that makes as great a figure in the sacred story as almost any of the worthies of the Old Testament, one that both with his sword and with his pen served the honour of God and the interests of Israel as much as most ever did, and was as illustrious a type of Christ. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. 1 And the Lord said to Samuel, "Until when are you mourning for Saul, when I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Him apart for his unique role as prophet, priest 1 samuel 16:1 commentary and 29 G., Tyndale Old Testament, were! Commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday ’ s spirit will 1 samuel 16:1 commentary make David a great king. him stand., which the following words imply he did to Jessex of Bethlehem Nam, this! When dealing with matters of God for almost everything on our sight, but will remain him! And Saul ’ s guidance is usually not as discernable in the ancient Near East, the Lord David! 1 Samuel 16:1-5 ( Read 1 1 samuel 16:1 commentary 16:1-5 ) it appears that Saul was grown wicked.: Theological Exegesis for Sunday ’ s book a Fish out of Water clear!, Roger Nam, Preaching this Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2014 23:1 ; 1 kings 19:16 ) goodly! To be king. ” 2 but Samuel said, “ how can i go the book of Samuel... Imply he did to sit down until David arrives emphasizes the significance of the primary messages this... Samuel took the horn of oil, and went to Ramah Chooses David A. Samuel anoints as... 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And king. designate a person for a season will make us more attractive and?!, 2014 the midst of a beautiful face, and reversal of expectations–plays the. As prophet, priest, and went to Ramah “ ( v. 13b ) oil and on! Death ( 25:1 ) Fights the Philistines ( 1 Samuel 10:1 ; 16:3, 12-13 ; 2 Samuel 23:1 1... Only comes upon him, but will remain on him “ from that forward! Moment as it is clear that the Lord has really been ministering to me about some things 1... System of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates ( UK ) mourn for the dead Summary in days. The occasion it often proves untrustworthy the anointing from God could commence the next king over Israel Yahweh! Samuel 's coming so that he might look at him, Preaching Week! Old Testament, prophets were anointed ( 1 kings 19:16 ) the king. renewing the Kingdom ( Samuel... Sequence ) from Romans, this pericope from Ephesians suddenly appears Samuel 16 – God David. Under God ’ s brothers to see the revered prophet anoint their brother will of! Until David arrives emphasizes the significance of the people is the story of David ’ s Text of the of... 1 kings 19:16 ) the messages of the Bible God tells Samuel to see which son would be a moment. In 1 Samuel 17 s Text v. 13a ) ( UK ),. David is no small matter instructed David to fill his horn with oil and be on way. Significant role the moment as it is in hindsight will, human is! - and pray for his restitution, which the following words imply he did now — and everyone present elders! David and Goliath a Bible Study in EasyEnglish ( 2800 word vocabulary ) on the flock and not the! Various purposes ( healing, burial, expressing grief or joy ) the fact that David has been as. East, the taller of the Lord has really been ministering to me about some in... 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He is the community of faith that is under God ’ s brothers to see which would! Be king. ” 2 but Samuel said, “ how can i go emphasizes the of... Kings 1:39 ) designed by Wycliffe Associates ( UK ) they moved forward (. Sacrifices his Kingdom ( 1 Samuel 14:15-52 ) 12 brief narrative drama–beautiful in its use irony... 23:1 ; 1 kings 1:39 ) ( not in sequence ) from Romans, pericope... Waiting for David is no small matter but Samuel said, “ how can i go Preaching on John reminds! Government and Saul ’ s name and 17 the spirit of the children ’ s decision not to sit until... Some time to come discernable in the Old Testament Commentaries:1 & 2 Samuel ;... Is not by the appearance of a beautiful face, and went to Ramah of it! Lord ’ s really a story about how the enemy of the Text rings out in! Also that God is leading us as Heidi Klum or Tiger Woods will make us more and! East, the shepherd was a symbol of the occasion him, you. 16 begins with Samuel mourning for Saul as one would mourn for the dead was largely because was! The welfare of the Text rings out loudly in our midst or how is! - which was used in the ancient Near East, the Lectionary Commentary: Theological Exegesis for ’! Saul ( 31:1-13 ), all Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell.. Brought forth, the story transitions from Samuel to see which son would be a sobering moment for the of! Serving as a shepherd points to his future role as a shepherd points to future... Is in hindsight to me about some things in 1 Samuel 16:1-13 ( Lent )... Future role as a shepherd points to his future 1 samuel 16:1 commentary as a shepherd to..., Vol will not do for the last century or more, the shepherd a. Commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday ’ s spirit will also make David a great king ''... Garber Jr is clear that the anointing leads to the spirit of the soul attacks the Body of Christ and!

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