Garlic mustard greens are high in Vitamin A and Vitamin C as well as trace minerals, chlorophyll and enzymes. Simply defrost the pesto and blend in the parmesan when you’re ready to use it. It’s a fun way to dress up any appetizer, really. They typically hold volunteer workdays to pull the plant and teach proper management methods. Simply plant seeds about 1/4 inch deep and 1 inch apart in rows or blocks. Garlic Mustard is a biennial herb that has been labeled an invasive weed in many areas. Like calendula, nasturtium, violets and other edible flowers, garlic mustard blossoms make salads more attractive. Emails are sent about 1-2 times monthly. I'd say it's both. As the plant flowers, seed pods form on the stem beneath. When you’re out foraging for garlic mustard, there are a few important things to bear in mind. As someone who has spent countless hours pulling this plant up by the roots in an effort to protect delicate forest ecosystems, I know from experience the extent to which garlic mustard can displace native wildflowers. Sweet, succulent, and garlicy, it reminds me of a cross between a garlic scape and a snap pea. Harvesting and eating garlic mustard Stalks. You can even freeze it for later! Once you have a nice bunch of garlic mustard tops, take them home and rinse them off. The buds should be closed, or only a few of them should be blooming. I love foraging and now I’ll have to learn more about garlic mustard and where to find it. It is taking over Crosby Park in St. Paul. Harvesting Garlic Mustard | Plus Making Garlic Mustard Pesto - Duration: 4:59. It is an invasive species that may be harvested without sustainability concerns. Please let me know your thoughts in the comments below, and, if you like foraging and have wild violets nearby, check out my post on 5 Ways to Use Wild Violets. Garlic mustard is also found in some areas on the East and West Canadian coasts, as well as the Eastern and Mid-Western states and the Pacific Northwest. Both farms are certified nematode-free and organic. However, at this stage of its growth, you could be forgiven for mistaking it for ground ivy. A sure way to identify garlic mustard is to rub the leaves between your fingers, gently crushing them. They can be dried and used as seasoning, or eaten as your personal taste allows. The seeds will germinate just a few days later. The same holds true for Ontario. Did you know that the whole plant is edible? When harvesting garlic, lift each bulb individually from the ground. The leaves become more triangular as they move up the stalk. While it's slightly bitter, this pesto-inspired sauce is packed with vitamins C and A, and is delicious stirred into pastas, spread on pizzas and sneaked into sandwiches. If you are interested in controlling garlic mustard, I recommend contacting your local nature center. During its first year, garlic mustard grows in leafy, rosette like clusters and doesn’t produce flowers. When it's a good color, flavor, and consistency, it's done! (If you're interested in controlling the spread of garlic mustard, please contact your local nature center so they can teach you the proper techniques.) I periodically stop the motor to scrape the sides and taste a bit. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) gets a bad reputation for its highly invasive qualities, but if all exotic foreign plants were this savory and nutritious, we might look at them a little differently!. To harvest, simply use your fingers to snap off the tender top portion of the stem. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Once established, it will dominate the forest floor if left unchecked, outcompeting native wildflowers such as rue anemone, bloodroot, and wild ginger. Therefore, make sure the area you’re sourcing your garlic mustard from isn’t sprayed with such chemicals. It can grow to over a metre tall and has small white flowers that appear from April. 3. Harvesting. I don’t know about you, but I can’t help but feel fancy when I eat salads laced with flowers. This plant’s biennial life cycle consists of a ground-level, or “basal,” year and a reproductive, or “bolt,” year. I first learned about garlic mustard when I got addicted to an app called Seek by iNaturalist. Since it's an invasive, once you find it, you're likely to find a lot of it. The leaves at this stage are roundish or kidney-shaped, with scalloped edges. Garlic mustard leaves can be harvested in their first year, but they are typically stronger-tasting. I’m so excited to look for this plant, as we are moving to Alberta soon. If you like our foraging tutorials, please consider joining us on Patreon! The seeds are of particular interest to me since learning that they can be used for sprouting purposes. Throw out seedy plants and roots in the garbage. The leaves and flower buds are more bitter in flavor than the stem. Young stalks are said to be best if harvested just prior to flowering. Throw out seedy plants and roots in the garbage. The most delicious part of the garlic mustard plant is the young stem. Garlic Harvesting Tips. When it's about right, I add salt, chopped garlic, and spices until it's close to the flavor I want. edible, medicinal, plant, flower, recipes, identification. In Europe, this plant is loved and used by many rural people, but in North America it is often referred to as a noxious weed. Come late summer/early fall, dark brown seeds appear. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) is a biennial herb native to Europe. It was brought over with our ancestors and cultivated in kitchen gardens. Garlic Mustard Bud and Flower: Ideal Time to Harvest. I hope to see a day where garlic mustard is no longer a threat to our native woodlands due to large numbers of people pulling and eating it. Harvesting and Storing Mustard. 3 Freshly harvested Korean Red garlic 4 Garlic hanging to cure in a dry, airy position out of direct sunlight. If needed, add more olive oil, salt and pepper to taste. Luckily, Garlic Mustard is easy to positively identify so it is great for beginners. Oh my goodness!! Garlic mustard has spicy, delicious leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots. Over-developed garlic will start to burst out of its tight wrapper and the cloves will begin to separate. These suggestions have all the reliability of Bongo Van. Your email address will not be published. Garlic Mustard Bud and Flower: Ideal Time to Harvest. If you're looking for something less fiery, simply omit the flower buds. Copyright © 2020 Vintage Kitchen Vixen on the Foodie Pro Theme. The seeds when ground make a fabulous mustard sauce and the dried greens can be made into a paste like wasabi. Place it in a container where it won’t get jostled too much. Last year while harvesting my garlic mustard, I completely ignored the roots. Prefer to listen to this article? As the weather heats up and the plant matures, the leaves become more bitter. Lift the bulbs with a fork once the foliage starts to fade and go yellow. Filed Under: Foraging, Gardening, RECIPES, SIMPLE LIVING Tagged With: foraging, pesto. I'm curious if we can combine the weed management aspect with the culinary aspect in an effective way. Some other names that it goes by include Penny Hedge, Poor Man’s Mustard, and Garlic Root. The slightly brownish to white taproot is often divided two to three times in the middle. My method of making hummus is to blend a couple cups of cooked chickpeas together with some tahini, lemon juice, and olive oil in my food processor. For a brighter taste, squeeze in a bit of lemon juice. At this stage, the leaves can still be used. Thank you! Brought to the United States in the 1800s as an edible, it has since spread across the northeastern US, the midwest, as far south as Alabama, and as far west as Washington and Oregon. Can You Eat Garlic Mustard? Mustard can be attacked by flea beetles and aphids. We respect your privacy. I’m on the lookout now. Consequently, harvesting it helps other flora and fauna to grow and flourish. Harvesting Garlic Mustard. Garlic mustard is very easy to positively identify, making it a great choice for beginner foragers. Today, it’s seen as a weed and for conservationists, one that’s threatening native species. But the best medicinal part of the plant, given thier pungency, are the taproots. Hey guys in this video we learn how to harvest and cook garlic mustard shoots. Dig up the root. The result is a bitter, yet satisfying sauce that can be used for pasta, pizzas, sandwiches (like pesto tuna melts), mayonnaise, and in any recipe that calls for pesto. First documented in New York in 1868, it was used as a source of food and medicine. If the stem doesn't snap easily, it is too tough and not worth eating. When crushed, the leaves emit a distinct garlicy smell. If you’re new to the Kitchen and like what you see, be sure to subscribe to my YouTube channel! In its second year, garlic mustard sends up a flower stalk. Composting will only help to spread the problem. So interesting, Sylvia! As with any wild ingredient that you are foraging, you want to be sure you’re harvesting the right thing. The Garlic – A Little History and Some Growing Instructions GARLIC, which is a member of the same group of plants as the ONION, has been cultivated for millennia. I’m going to have to check out that app! However, leaving the bulbs in the ground too long causes the cloves to burst out of their skins, making them vulnerable to disease and shorter storage time. It is also present in eastern Canada. Your email address will not be published. Garlic mustard is an invasive species that was brought over to North America by European settlers at the turn of the 19th century. As it grows throughout the season, it shoots up and grows broccoli-like buds. Garlic will blanch and burn in the sun. This helps the forest, and it helps you because you’ll have garlic mustard root to work with in the kitchen. Besides the seven months in the ground advice, there's also suggestions to monitor the garlic foliage, harvesting when a certain number of leaves have started dying back. Garlic Mustard or Ground Ivy? If you choose to harvest garlic mustard, take the entire plant to prevent it from spreading. Though the bitterness puts some people off, I think the flavor goes well in many dishes. As this was my first time using the root AND making horseradish from scratch, I used this recipe from Edible Wild Food. It is a biennial plant, so takes two years to complete its lifecycle. What’s worse, animals haven’t the slightest interest in it, which is a real shame, because it’s delicious! Garlic Mustard is usually 2 – 3 feet tall but some stems may grow as tall as 6 feet later in the summer. Maybe you came for the pesto, though, in which case, I hope you enjoy the recipe. 2014 < previous next > I partnered with Picnic Club Detroit to help harvest Garlic Mustard in Rouge Park in Northwest Detroit. Garlic mustard starts going to seed around mid-May in the Twin Cities area. As a cultivated plant, it is so old that it is difficult to credit a country of origin for this vegetable. If it's too thick, I add more olive oil. You can't possibly eat it all. Get the garlic out of the sun as soon as possible. It’s beautifully simple and I couldn’t be more pleased with the results: Before any pesto purists call me out, I will begin by saying that real pesto is made with basil and pinenuts. Alternatively, the garlic may be attacked by insects or the cloves may dry out, especially in warm weather. It is a biennial plant that can be used in cooking but whose presence is potentially damaging to native flora. I didn’t know they were edible! Harvest. Its success is due to its prolific seeding rate, its lack of predators, and the ability of its seeds to remain viable for up to five years. Depending on the plant, you should be able to take the top 6 to 12 inches. Where I am in southern Quebec, garlic mustard grows in abundance. I love sneaking in fresh sprouts wherever I can, so I do believe I will be foraging for garlic mustard a second time come late summer/early fall when the seeds appear. It’s like a game for nature lovers, encouraging its users to “collect” as many species as possible. Sign up with your email address to receive notifications of upcoming events and general updates. Dig up the root. Always be sure that you have permission to forage if you aren’t on your own land and that the ground is unsprayed. For comprehensive information (e.g. **Sustainability note: Harvesting garlic mustard tops does not control the spread of this invasive. You can just take your favorite traditional pesto recipe and replace the basil with garlic mustard leaves and flower buds. Posted by: randy b. on: 2008-06-18 22:16:07. If you have hardneck garlic you’ll want to harvest the garlic scapes. I know I have some of this around my yard! Personally, I love garlic mustard hummus. (Biennial means the plant sends up leaves in its first year and typically flowers in its second.) Next, I painstakingly clean my hard-earned prizes and turn them into garlic mustard pesto and horseradish. Flowers have four small white petals. Garlic mustard may have tasty potential, but it is a noxious weed. To halt the spread of seeds, dispose of any flowering tops in sealed plastic. Handle gently as bruising also reduces their storage potential. In forests, garlic mustard is starving native plant species by robbing them of the soil fungi they need to thrive. Garlic mustard’s vigorous reproduction has enabled it to spread from coast to coast, where it b… Set these aside for pesto, hummus, and other dishes. Harvesting garlic too late can mean storage problems. Foraging for garlic mustard not only helps the native plant species in affected areas, but it’s fun to play with culinary-wise, too! Mustard greens are one of the ways to eliminate toxins harvesting garlic mustard your home looking its best without fussing with cleaners... 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