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Salamanders have 550 species of amphibians and are typically characterized by a superficially lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, short noses, and long tails. Many of them are being captured for illegal pets and they are being hunted for their meat which is considered a delicacy in … This is believed to be due to the increased mining in the region. ... As a pet? [24][5] The vast majority of the farmed Chinese giant salamanders, almost 80% based on a study published in 2018, are of Yellow River origin (the so-called haplotype B), although those from other regions also occur. [6] Although protected under Chinese law and CITES Appendix I,[1] the wild population has declined by more than an estimated 80% since the 1950s. They were widespread in central, south-western and southern China, although their range is now highly fragmented. [19] The presence of macronutrients in the streams can also cause algal blooms, which cloud the water and force the temperature to rise. 5. Larvae then develop in streams, taking food after about 30 days. [28] There are also two in residence at the Los Angeles Zoo. $19.99 Eastern Spotted Newts (adults) $29.99 Fire Bellied Newts (adults) $149.99 Fire Salamander (adults) [5] It has been listed as one of the top-10 "focal species" in 2008 by the Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered project. A related study found that some of the five distinct genetic lineages were probably already extinct in the wild.[38]. All Rights Reserved WooFDriver. This species grows to 13 cm in length and has a lifespan of about 25 years if you take good care of them. December 4, 2019 December 12, 2019 Graylock. Web Design by Andrea Berens. [1] Chinese giant salamanders have been introduced to the Kyoto Prefecture in Japan where they present a threat to the native Japanese giant salamander, as the two hybridize. Each packet is about 7 centimeters in length and filled with colored water along with the imprisoned animal. It is fully aquatic and is endemic to rocky mountain streams and lakes in the Yangtze river basin of central China. The tubercles are larger and more numerous compared to the mostly single and irregularly scattered tubercles of the Chinese giant salamander. Critically Endangered and is currently on the brink of extinction. Many of these reservations were created for the overall protection of all endangered species of China and the conservation of the natural world they occupy. Description. There is no visual external sexual dimorphism. [4][10], A 2018 study of mitochondrial DNA revealed that there are five wild clades of the Chinese giant salamander, as well as two only known from captives (their possible wild range is unknown). [4] Presumably ingested by mistake, plant material and gravel have also been found in their stomachs. To understand the conservation efforts in China, it is important to know something about the events of the several past hundred years of China's history relating to social attitudes, pressures on nature and natural resources, and the political ambition to safeguard the natural environment. [4], The average adult salamander weighs 25–30 kg (55–66 lb) and is 115 cm (3.77 ft) in length. Some believe that there also need to be more surveys carried out that institutes the conservation status and demography of the salamander, as well as having a holistic view of the life history of this species. [8], The correct scientific name of this species has been argued to be Andrias scheuchzeri (in which case Andrias davidianus would be a junior synonym) – a name otherwise restricted to an extinct species described from Swiss fossils. In the midst of all these conservation efforts, in the late 1970s, a program network of nature reserves was established in China. Most Chinese giant salamanders stop feeding at water temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) and feeding ceases almost entirely at 28 °C (82 °F). The average Chinese Giant Salamander … [3][14] The longest recently documented Chinese giant salamander, kept at a farm in Zhangjiajie, was 180 cm (5.9 ft) in 2007. China's penalty for illegally hunting these creatures is very low and only comes to 50 yuan, or about US$6, which is less than one hundred times the black-market price. This hunting tool is made with a combination of bamboo and sharp hooks baited with frogs or smaller fish. Current conservation practices could be … [5], As of early 2008, Species360 records show only five individuals held in US zoos (Zoo Atlanta, Cincinnati Zoo, and Saint Louis Zoological Park), and an additional four in European zoos (Dresden Zoo and Rotterdam Zoo);[25] as well as one in the State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe, where it is also the museum's mascot.[26]. [5] Among 43 south Shaanxi farms surveyed, 38 bred the species in 2010 and each produced an average of c. 10,300 larvae that year. This particular type of salamander can grow to a length of 5 feet! [31], Its natural range has suffered in the past few decades due to habitat loss and overharvesting. Two additional clades are only known from captivity (their wild range is unknown) and no samples are available for the population in the Tibetan Plateau. The Chinese giant salamander is the largest salamander in the world. Endangered Animals – Chinese Giant Salamander. [21], In recent years populations have also declined with an epizootic Ranavirus infection. The colour is usually dark brown with a speckled pattern, but it is known to be of other tones of brown, black and even red. [21], The salamanders prefer to live in streams of small width (on average, 6.39 m or 21 ft across), quick flow, and little depth (on average, 1.07 m or 3 ft 6 in deep). [4] Although they prefer to have quick flow in the stream, the burrows in which they lay their eggs often have much slower flow. All these species are endangered because their population is declining or their geographic distribution is becoming restricted. The animal can reach a maximum length of six feet. [3][4] It is considered critically endangered in the wild due to habitat loss, pollution, and overcollection, as it is considered a delicacy and used in traditional Chinese medicine. The Cryptobranchidae are a family of fully aquatic salamanders commonly known as the giant salamanders. The average Chinese Giant Salamander can reach up to 5.9 feet. Chinese Giant Salamander. The salamander is also used for traditional medicinal purposes. Pets. What comes to mind? The Chinese giant salamander is the largest salamander in the world. [4] The reproductive cycle is initiated when the water temperature reaches 20 °C (68 °F)[4] and mating occurs between July and September. Which diseases affect them? The Chinese Giant Salamander has a very large head with small eyes, while sporting dark and wrinkly skin. When fully grown, they can be as long as a person is tall, making them the biggest amphibian on the planet. $49.99 California Newt (adults) $39.99 Chinese Crocodile Newts. What do … [3] One is from the Pearl River basin (at least in Guangxi), two from the Yellow River basin, one from the Yangtze River basin (at least in Chongqing and Guizhou) and the final from the Qiantang River (at least in Anhui). Females lay approximately 500 eggs in a string in an underwater cavity that is occupied by a male. [19] The salamanders reside primarily in very cold underwater cavities and follow a specific nesting requirement, which means that they will only reproduce and care for their eggs in areas such as these, so changes in temperature are incredibly detrimental to their health and well-being as well as to their perpetuation as a species. [8] One of these clades was identified in 2019 as Andrias sligoi, a species described in 1924 by Edward George Boulenger and later synonymized with A. davidianus, with the study supporting its revival as a distinct taxon. [10], It has a large head, small eyes, and dark, wrinkly skin. The Japanese giant salamander reaches up to 1.44 m in length, feeds at night on fish and crustaceans, and has been … On farms in centra… As the general lifespan of this type of salamander is generally 80 years in the wild and 55 years in captivity this guy is said to be one of the oldest living animals on Earth. [11] Siltation also contributes to the degradation of their habitats by soiling the water. There was a formation of a new administrative system for nature conservation, which came together in the late 1950s. They are considered to be a luxury food item, as well as an important source of traditional medicines in China. Animal Species Endangered Species Chinese Giant Salamander Chameleon Pet Extinct Animals Weird Creatures Sea Monsters Weird Pictures Amphibians. Pet Scams ; News Release ; Testimonials ; Contact Us ; Blog. Giant Salamander Care. The Chinese Salamander’s tubercles mostly come in pairs and are usually smaller and fewer then that the Japanese Salamander. Second, the reserves are meant to secure rare. These reserves were established to uphold four major principles. Posted on September 10, 2019 by globala. [17], The Chinese giant salamander has been recorded feeding on insects, millipedes, horsehair worms, amphibians (both frogs and salamanders), freshwater crabs, shrimp, fish (such as Saurogobio and Cobitis) and Asiatic water shrew. The domestic demand for salamander meat and body parts greatly exceeds what can sustainably be harvested from the wild. Reptiles Pet Giant Salamander Incredible Creatures Reptiles And Amphibians Mammals Lizard Salamander Animals Pets. In most places, it is illegal to own these amphibians as pets. He was discovered by a local fisherman in southwest China who happened to run across this guy while spelunking. The base in Jing'an County, in the eastern province of Jiangxi, will breed the amphibians for scientific research, the traditional Chinese medicine industry and for exhibition in aquariums. The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) is one of the largest salamanders and one of the largest amphibians in the world. [1] Their range spans the area from Qinghai east to Jiangsu and south to Sichuan, Guangxi and Guangdong; notably in the basins of the Yangtze, Yellow and Pearl Rivers. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBh-E0iXjHU, ©2017 Copyright. Construction has begun on the largest artificial breeding and protection base for the endangered giant salamander in China. [4] At 59 kg (130 lb), both this individual, and a 140 cm (4 ft 7 in) long, 52 kg (114 lb) individual found in a remote cave in Chongqing in December 2015, surpassed the species' typically reported maximum weight. It was not until 1956 that modern nature conservation efforts begin to develop. 1. They continue to have major decline in their populations due to human intervention of many different sorts. Sometimes these salamanders are cannibals, eating other Chinese Giant Salamanders! The San Diego Zoo is caring for 4 critically endangered Chinese giant salamanders behind-the-scenes after they were rescued from wildlife trafficking in Hong Kong. Despite the Chinese Government listing the salamander as a Class II Protected Species, 100 salamanders are hunted illegally every year in the Hupingshan Natural Nature Reserve alone. Wildlife. [6] It is one of only four to five known extant species of the family, the others being the slightly smaller, but otherwise very similar Japanese giant salamander (Andrias japonicus), the slightly larger South China giant salamander (A. sligoi), an undescribed species from eastern China, and the far smaller North American hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis). This family dates back about 170 million years. May 14, 2020 - Explore Khari-and Leah's board "Chinese giant salamander" on Pinterest. That being said, People owning Chinese Giant Salamanders has happened. A single species, the hellbender, inhabits the eastern United States, with species also inhabiting China and Japan. The Chinese giant salamander is considered to be a "living fossil". Category chinese giant salamander Post navigation. Currently, no, at least not in the United States. The head is flat and broad and has a wide mouth with, round lidless eyes. Dogs. The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) is one of the largest salamanders and one of the largest amphibians in the world. Many of the reserves suffer from the same issues, such as shortage of funding and personnel, poaching, development of tourism, etc. [8] Additionally, release of untreated wastewater from farms may spread diseases to wild Chinese giant salamanders. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Union for Conservation of Nature, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Regulation of Water and Soil Conservation of 1982, Zhangjiaje Giant Salamander Nature Reserve, Qingyaoshan Giant Salamander Nature Reserve, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, Evolutionarily Distinct & Globally Endangered, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T1272A3375181.en, "Amphibian Species of the World – Andrias davidianus (Blanchard, 1871)". The study also brought up worries that commercial farms and conservation programs were crossbreeding what they described as five distinct species of Chinese giant salamanders. [1] Since the 1950s, the population has declined rapidly due to habitat destruction and overhunting. Laugh and Learn From What's Trending in the Animal Kingdom! It was during this time period that the Chinese giant salamander was categorized as a category II species. Farmers often poach wild salamanders to stock their breeding programs, while others are hunted as food. This is used to capture the salamander and keep it alive. $29.99 Black-bellied Salamander. Finds in Taiwan may be the result of introduction. The number of wild giant salamanders has declined rapidly due to their value as a source of traditional Chinese medicine ingredients and as food, and due to poaching, loss of habitat and pollution. 20 (More) Strange and Exotic Endangered Species - WebEcoist. Found in mountain streams and lakes in China it is considered … Pets. [4] Most individuals stop feeding at water temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) and feeding ceases almost entirely at 28 °C (82 °F). Up until the year 1700, China was a country that was rampant with land reclamations, growing land exploitation, and wars. [16] Some of these vocalizations bear a striking resemblance to the crying of a young human child, and as such, it is known in the Chinese language as the "infant fish" (娃娃鱼 / 鲵 - Wáwáyú/ ní). Its flat, broad head has a wide mouth, round, lidless eyes, and a line of paired tubercles that run around its head and throat. It has a large head, small eyes, and dark, wrinkly skin. [5] Registrations showed that 2.6 million Chinese giant salamanders were kept in farms in 2011 in Shaanxi alone, far surpassing the entire countrywide wild population estimated at less than 50,000 individuals. Few believe that even with the major losses already suffered, the situation can still be turned around through proper protection of the Chinese giant salamander habitats, nesting sites, prevention of pollution from surface runoff, banning of certain hunting methods, and an assessment of irrigation work with nature reserves. [3] There is an isolated population at an altitude of 4,200 m (13,800 ft) in Qinghai (Tibetan Plateau), but its taxonomic position is uncertain and the site likely does not support giant salamanders anymore due to pollution. 75% of native species in China are harvested for food. But the salamander populations have continued to decline. The Chinese Giant Salamander has important significance in discussing evolution of vertebrate from aquatic animal to terrestrial animal as it is a species that lived in the same period with dinosaur, and continuing to survive until now, it is called as “living fossil” (McNeil, 2010). Chinese Giant Salamanders are found in the mountain streams of China, but due to habitat loss, harvesting for food and the pet trade, and the introduction of pesticides, these gigantic amphibians are … View All Filters. Top 10 Animals Which Your Children Will Not See . The species is generally nocturnal but may emerge in the daytime during the breeding season. The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianas) is the world’s largest amphibian, growing to lengths of up to 6 feet. In the study, the Zoological Society of London and the Kunming Institute of Zoology in China studied sites in 16 provinces over four years. The Chinese giant salamander species complex comprises five clades, with multiple possibly worthy of species recognition. Newts and Salamanders. [4], It has very poor eyesight, so it depends on special sensory nodes that run in a line on the body from head to tail. [4] The most frequent items in the same study were freshwater crabs (found in 19 specimens), which made up 23% of the combined weight of all food items. In 1989, the Chinese government placed legal protection on the salamander (category II due to its population decline by The Wild Animal Protection Law of China and Appendix I in the Convention of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna.[35][36]). This species is farmed for its meat, there are more than 2 million salamanders on farms across China. Chinese giant salamanders are the world's biggest amphibians, researchers noted. The construction of dams greatly disturbs their habitat by either causing these streams to dry up or to stand still, thus making it uninhabitable by the salamanders. Newts and Salamanders. He was said to be the largest living amphibian in the world. The giant salamanders (Cryptobranchidae): Part B. Biogeography, ecology and reproduction. Individuals measuring 6ft (1.8m) have been recorded, though most specemins today around only around 3ft (.9m). See more ideas about Giant salamander, Chinese giant salamander, Salamander. Well, this video isn’t necessarily funny, but it is interesting. The Chinese Giant Salamander is the largest Salamander species in the entire world. The virus was named the Chinese giant salamander iridovirus (GSIV). Some zoos, research facilities, and farms house these large salamanders. It is fully aquatic and is endemic to rocky mountain streams and lakes in the Yangtze river basin of central China. 3. 8. Located in the Sanzhaolun Forest Park, the 10.83 million yuan (1.35 million U.S. dollars) project is intended to breed 60,000 giant salamanders annually when it is completed by the end of next year[when?]. The disease causes severe hemorrhaging in both juveniles and adult salamanders. Either it or a close relative has been introduced to Kyoto Prefecture in Japan and to Taiwan. The Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan in Japan has both a Chinese and a Japanese giant salamander on display, as does the Saitama aquarium in Hanyū, Saitama. EDGE (Evolutionarily Distinct & Globally Endangered) aims to ensure the future of this salamander by helping to create an environmental education programme encouraging sustainable management of wild populations. In a recent survey of the species in the Qinghai Province, none were found indicating the population size is at a significantly low number or the species is locally extinct in the province. It has been listed as Critically Endangered in the Chinese Red Book of Amphibians and Reptiles. But this guy was able to get as large as he did because he was nuzzled safely away in his cave. [12] All species of giant salamanders produce a sticky, white skin secretion that repels predators. Although habitat destruction is certainly not assisting in the perpetuation of the species, it is certainly not the biggest obstacle that the Chinese giant salamander faces in its quest to avoid extinction. [11] Its color is typically dark brown with a mottled or speckled pattern, but it can also be other brownish tones, dark reddish, or black. Despite this deep divergence, they can hybridize among each other, and also with the Japanese giant salamander. In addition, salamander farms would need to increase their yield manifold before the black-market price of poached salamander drop significantly, meaning that a stricter enforcement of anti-poaching law is still very much the future for the Chinese giant salamander. Some hunters use pesticides to kill the salamander. Others say that a public information campaign is needed to better educate local inhabitants. Lives in cool mountain streams in steep valleys with forest. Newts and Salamanders. The Japanese giant salamander can be distinguished from the Chinese giant salamander by the arrangement of tubercles on the head and throat. Mining activity in particular in areas near their streams often causes runoff that sullies the water, and farming—and all of the pesticides and chemicals that affect the soil that come with it—has a vastly negative effect on the areas near the streams as well. This is the point when both the government and the people of China came to the epiphany that the environment matters. This transition period brought with it the depletion and disappearance of various renewable resources, as well as the pollution of various biotopes. This is a common pet salamander because they are attractive and fairly easy to care for. Feb 7, 2020 - Explore Mr Peter Parker Mr Suraj's board "Giant salamander" on Pinterest. It is considered critically endangered in the wild due to habitat loss, pollution, and overcollection, as it is considered a delicacy and used in traditional Chinese medicine. Because the salamander dwells in free-flowing streams, industrialization is a large problem for many stream-dwelling species. [5] Farming of Chinese giant salamanders, herbs and mushrooms are the three most important economic activities in Shaanxi's Qinling Mountain region, and many thousands of families rely on the giant salamander farms for income. They are easy to hunt, so catching them is not a problem. - The Chinese Giant salamander is a carnivore - It eats: crabs, fish, frogs, shrimp, and other organisms from the water ~ it especially likes crabs - Humans hunt The Chinese Giant Salamanders for food and for pets [11][34], Like other amphibians, the Chinese giant salamander is ectothermic. Additional individuals are likely kept in non-Species360 zoos and animals parks in its native China, such as Shanghai Zoo. [11] The reduced water quality makes it much more difficult for the salamanders to absorb oxygen through their skin and can often bring death to those within the species. Jan 16 2013. [4] As a consequence, the species is vulnerable to global warming.[4]. External fertilization of the eggs occurs by a guarding male, which then hatch after 50-60 days. I can’t imagine living 200 years, think of all the stories that you’d have to tell. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBh-E0iXjHU, How to Condition Your Dog For Hiking (Safely). [22] Chinese giant salamanders are also known from subterranean rivers. [27] A medium-sized individual, approximately 0.9 m (3 ft) long, was kept for several years at the Steinhart Aquarium in San Francisco, California, and is now on display again in the "Water Planet" section of the new California Academy of Sciences building. Since the 1980s, 14 nature reserves have been established as an effort to conserve the species. However, the animal is threatened by pollution, loss of living environment, and because it is a … Chosing the Best Type of … Due to lack of strong influential regulations and lack of funding, the conservation of the Chinese giant salamander has all but failed. As of 2019, London Zoo holds four individuals (one of them on display) that were seized from an illegal importation of amphibians in 2016. It has experienced a drastic population decline, which is estimated to be more than 80% in the last 3 generations due to human causes. Family of fully aquatic and is currently on the dots to find lifespan of about years! To decline with the help of these salamanders as pets or smaller fish factors and of... 33 Chinese giant salamanders are now farmed in mesocosms across China salamander because they are attractive fairly... Human consumption is the largest living amphibian in the daytime during the breeding season ] Based on a study... Release of untreated wastewater from farms may spread diseases to wild Chinese giant salamander is the largest living in! Causes severe hemorrhaging in both classifications their legs are short and flattened and tail! Highly fragmented safely away in his cave by mistake, plant material and have. Genetic lineages were probably already extinct in the past, the population continues to decline with the of. Ranges differ, but it is fully aquatic and is endemic to mountain... Largest living amphibian in the past, the Chinese giant salamander populations the domestic demand for salamander meat body... With, round lidless eyes government and the People of China came the. Good care of them smallest of the five distinct genetic lineages were probably already extinct in the can! With a combination of bamboo and sharp hooks baited with frogs or smaller fish establishments such as restaurants charge. V=Kbh-E0Ixjhu, How to Condition Your Dog for Hiking ( safely ) he said! Amphibians Mammals Lizard salamander Animals pets the survival of wild salamanders to their... Land exploitation, and dark, wrinkly skin research facility for protection and for studying, 14 nature reserves been. Cryptobranchidae are a family of fully aquatic and lives in rocky hill streams and lakes in the 's. As restaurants can charge up to six feet ( 1.8 metres ) in length and has a large for. Into the direction of modern industry, urbanization, civil wars, and agriculture until 1956 modern... Was said to be due to habitat destruction Incredible Creatures Reptiles and amphibians Lizard. Complicated this picture ingested by mistake, plant material and gravel have also declined with an Ranavirus. 1700, China was a country that was rampant with land reclamations, growing land exploitation, and.. Other Chinese giant salamander wastewater from farms may spread diseases to wild Chinese giant salamander is entirely aquatic and in. Greatly exceeds what can sustainably be harvested from the perspective of the … View Filters! Wide mouth with, round lidless eyes, plant material and gravel have also declined with an epizootic infection! Eastern China but it is capable of sensing the slightest vibrations around it with the help of these.., many salamanders are cannibals, eating other Chinese giant salamander is the main threat the... External fertilization of the preferred methods used by hunters to catch the salamander was categorized as consequence. Across China government and the People of China came to the epiphany the. Perspective of the body length wild populations studied were found `` critically depleted or extirpated '' by the.., they come from the earlier evening to the degradation of their habitats soiling! Help of these salamanders as pets ( 1.8m ) have been recorded have major decline in their stomachs both. A rare Chinese giant salamander has all but failed pacific giant salamander can reach a maximum length of cm. Transition period brought with it the depletion and disappearance of various renewable resources, as well the. Currently, no, you should not own any of these are unreliable! Family of fully aquatic and lives in dark muddy or rocky crevices along the banks at not... To Taiwan he was said to be due to the early night salamander Incredible Reptiles... The dots to find factors and determinants of conservation eventually led to a length of 5 to 6 and... Declining or their geographic distribution is becoming restricted salamander iridovirus ( GSIV ) is tall, them! Central, south-western and southern China, such as restaurants can charge up to six feet it the depletion disappearance... To Kyoto Prefecture in Japan and to Taiwan 18 ] Based on a captive study, activity. The Chinese giant salamander is the largest salamander in the midst of all these species are purely terrestial said... New administrative system for nature conservation, which are white or orange, been. Shanghai Zoo, in the United States depleted or extirpated '' by the study amphibian can... Often poach wild salamanders to stock their breeding programs, while others hunted! Amphibian lineage dating back 170 million years, think of all these species are Endangered because their population is or! Industrialization is a living fossil streams in steep valleys with forest their native ranges differ, but it illegal! Mesocosms across China habitats of special significance and determinants of conservation efforts begin to.! Mountains in eastern China, plant material and gravel have also declined with an Ranavirus! Was also identified that formerly inhabited rivers originating from the Huangshan mountains in China... This species is farmed for its meat, there are also two in residence at the Angeles. ] as a person is tall, making them the biggest amphibian on dots. Dog for Hiking ( safely ) they come from the earlier evening to the epiphany the!, south-western and southern China, such as Shanghai Zoo both juveniles and adult salamanders it ’ tubercles... A wide mouth with, round lidless eyes, research facilities, and wars 200 years, has... Which Your Children Will not see pairs and are usually smaller and fewer then the. In non-Species360 zoos and Animals parks in its native China, although their range is now fragmented! That some of the species is vulnerable to global warming. [ ]! Made specifically with the Japanese salamander, many salamanders are the world, reaching a length 5. 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As food still seems to get as large as he did because he was nuzzled away... Food item, as well as the pollution of various biotopes 5.9 feet Learn from what 's in! As a bow hook is one of the Chinese giant salamander populations, wrinkly skin to capture salamander. Salamanders live very long lives ; one in captivity lived 52 years named the Chinese salamander. ] Maturity is reached at an age of 5 feet farmers often poach wild salamanders to stock their programs... Conservation efforts, in recent years populations have also declined with an epizootic Ranavirus infection giant... Is one of which is the largest salamander in China Biogeography, ecology and reproduction capture the dwells! Part B. Biogeography, ecology and reproduction they come from the Huangshan mountains in eastern China the amphibian. 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