of the year >, at the time > when kings > normally conduct > wars, David > sent out > Joab > with > his officers > and the entire > Israelite > army. One wonders if those servants were the very persons who had brought Bathsheba to the king's bedroom. Most of the commentators blame David, pointing out that, "In the East, it was improper for one neighbor to look over the battlements of his house into the inner court of the adjacent building. 5. David sent and inquired after the woman — Thus, instead of suppressing that desire which the sight of his eyes had kindled, he seeks rather to feed it; and first inquires who she was; that if she were unmarried he might make her either his wife or his concubine. "She was purifying herself from her uncleanness" (2 Samuel 11:4). Here was the cause of Absalom's murder of Amnon. Then David said to Uriah, "Remain here today also, and tomorrow I will let you depart." "Uriah's name is a compound of [~Yah], indicating that he was a worshipper of Jehovah. And one said, Is not this Bath-sheba? David even has foreign mercenaries (Uriah is termed a Hittite). Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "In the spring ... when kings go forth to battle", "Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? David and Bathsheba. ” 2 Now there was a servant of the house of Saul whose name was j Ziba , and they called him to David . None of us--young believer or old, male or female--is exempt from the lessons of 2 Samuel 11. This was effort no. Study the bible online using commentary on 2 Samuel 11 and more! The confrontation of David by Nathan the prophet, described in 2 Samuel 12, results in David's repentance and confession. Further, Israel had been warned that kings “will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers (1 Samuel 8:13). They destroyed the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. Who killed Abimelech the son of Jerub-besheth? None of us--young believer or old, male or female--is exempt from the lessons of 2 Samuel 11. 2 Then it happened one evening that David arose from his bed () and walked on the roof of the king’s house. (2 Samuel 11:8). He hoped thus to forestall any suspicion of premarital relations that might otherwise arise."[23]. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. "Jerubbesheth" The LXX and Vulgate have "Jerubbaal" (cf. "David's adultery with Bathsheba and murder of Uriah followed by God's judgment against David (2 Samuel 11-12); the rape of Tamar by Amnon and his murder by Absalom (2 Samuel 13); the rebellion of Absalom (2 Samuel 14-19); and. David was the man after God's own heart in that God foreknew his unwavering faith in the One True God and that there was also in him the ability to found the Kingdom of Israel that stands in the Scriptures as a forerunner and type of the Kingdom of God, which is the True Israel. "In the spring ... when kings go forth to battle" (2 Samuel 11:1). And a traveler came to the rich man, who refused to take from his own flock … However, chapter 11 turns dark with the mention of Solomon’s foreign wives, whom he married in disobedience to God’s command. "When the wife of Uriah heard that her husband Uriah was dead, she made lamentation for her husband. "[4] In this light, David appears in this passage as somewhat of a "Peeping Tom." Nevertheless, we shall call this effort no. She must have shed reluctant tears and forced out groans from a joyful heart. Some scholars consider it uncertain, but apparently the ark of the covenant had been carried with Israel in their siege of Rabbah. When Uriah came to him, David asked him how Joab was doing, and how the people fared, and how the war prospered. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 7:1, where it refers to Gideon), while the Peshitta has "Nedo-baal." But David remained at Jerusalem. F16. Jdgs. 2 Samuel 1 – David Mourns the Death of Saul A. David learns of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths. 2 Samuel 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary by Albert Barnes, a dedicated student of the Bible, continues to be very popular even today. "David asked him ... how the war prospered" (2 Samuel 11:7). Now it came to pass when the king was dwelling in his house, and the LORD had given him rest from all his enemies all around, that the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells inside tent curtains.” 2 Samuel 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. (2 Samuel 11:10). But David tarried still at Jerusalem. He tarried at Jerusalem. David arose from off his bed — Where he had lain down to sleep in the heat of the day, as the manner was in those countries; and where he had probably slept for some time. Furthermore, he never, for a moment, failed to acknowledge the One True God of Israel. Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 11:1-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Until now, David has enjoyed unprecedented blessings and protection from the Lord: • At the Lord’s direction, Samuel anointed him as king while David was still a boy—long before David finally took the throne (1 Samuel 16). "She made lamentation for her husband" (2 Samuel 11:25). All other rights reserved. Thus, in a double sense, the Messiah was truly the "son of David" (Matthew 1:1), his legal son through Joseph from whom he inherited the kingship, and his actual son through "Nathan the son of David the son of Jesse" (Luke 3:31). "Commentary on 2 Samuel 11:4". Instead, he slept with the guard at the entrance to the palace. Salem Media Group. 5, the same being another sin in the eyes of the Lord. 5B ISBN: 978-1-892691-22-4 BIBLE LESSONS INTERNATIONAL MARSHALL, TEXAS 2018 www.biblelessonsintl.com www.freebiblecommentary.org. Bathsheba was in great alarm, as no doubt was David. "Robbing a man of his reason is worse than robbing him of his money; and drawing him into sin is worse than drawing him into any trouble whatsoever. God revealed to David that because of this terrible sin, "The sword shall never depart from thy house. And as Joab was besieging the city, he assigned Uriah to the place where he knew there were valiant men. 1. Our text here does not indicate that there was anything improper about Bathsheba's bathing in such a place which exposed her; but the suspicion remains that she was not nearly so discreet as she should have been. 11. confrontation in … By this time, his shameful conduct was known all over Jerusalem. Stern and terrible was his punishment. She came to him, and he slept with her "Israel's great victory at Medeba took place in the autumn; but with winter coming on, Joab returned to Jerusalem,"[2] no doubt intending to renew the siege of Rabbah in the spring. David and Bathsheba. "[22], We have called this marriage, "Cover-Up No 9." "[17] Such "servants" would certainly have gossiped among themselves about the king's actions. ... 2 Samuel 11:3 Grandfather of Bathsheba. They destroyed the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. TABLE OF CONTENTS. Topics have included sacramental theology, doctrinal issues, and textual problems. Proud member Go down to your house, and wash your feet." 11 It happened in the spring of the year, at the () time when kings go out to battle, that () David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged () Rabbah. "This whole episode suggests that she observed the form without the feeling of sorrow. Building God’s House (2 Samuel 7:1-29) 8. 2 Sam. Willis classified the events of these chapters as follows: THE FALL OF THE MAN AFTER GOD'S OWN HEART. Tarried at Jerusalem— Had he been now in his post, at the head of his forces be had been out of the way of temptation. After— When that year ended, and the next begun, which was in the spring time. 2 Samuel 11-12 New International Version (NIV) David and Bathsheba. Samuel anointed David in 1 Samuel 16, and throughout the rest of the book, all sorts of people endorse David as the coming king: the women who hail David’s victories; Saul’s son Jonathan and his daughter Michal; Abigail the erstwhile wife of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27" It was a direct invitation of the king for Uriah to spend the night with his wife. The expression `wash your feet' was a well-known idiom fully understood and explained by Uriah in 2 Sam. It ate of his own food and drank from his own cup and lay in his bosom; and it was like a daughter to him. 2. Bill T. Arnold — 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). Read 2 Samuel 11 in full. When we are out of the way of our duty, we are in temptation. "[6] The meaning is practically the same for both variations. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (Verse 6-13.) 2 Samuel 11:3. After the year was expired — Hebrew, at the return of the year: when that year ended, and the next began, which was in the spring-time. Teks -- 2 Samuel 11:1-27 (NET) Tampilkan Strong. What a shame that, "The man who had previously shown himself so noble and chivalrous, here stoops to rob one of his own officers of his honor. Old Testament. But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house (2 Samuel 11:9). By comparing 2 Samuel 11:3 and 23:34, some believe that Ahithophel was the grandfather of Bathsheba, and that he was enraged because David had committed adultery with her. David sent Joab and all Israel — All his soldiers. 2 Samuel 11:2. But David tarried still at Jerusalem." David married Bathsheba. But the thing that David had done displeased the Lord.". Uriah the Hittite was slain also. David's practice of adding wives showed a lack of romantic restraint and an indulgence of his passions. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. This was David's effort no. War and Peace (2 Samuel 8:1—10:19) 9. Uriah murdered. "[10] The "uncleanness" mentioned here refers to a woman's menstrual period; and, as Adam Clarke noted, "That is the time in which women are most apt to conceive. 1 In the spring of the year, # 11:1 Hebrew At the turn of the year. (2 Samuel 11:8). This was effort no. The first day of the year in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in March or April. "So David sent messengers and took her" (2 Samuel 11:40). "The Chronicler probably because of the bad light in which David is portrayed omits this story. Anderson’s volume joins the growing corpus of literature on the books of Samuel. Please read 2 Samuel 11-12:25 completely before beginning. The forum is open. (1-4) David hears the news in Ziklag. Now in 2 Samuel 11, the apparatus of kingship is on full display. 2 Samuel 11. The rich man had exceedingly many flocks and herds. This maneuver endangered more soldiers and resulted in greater loss of life" (Nelson, note on 2 Samuel 11:23-24 2 Samuel 11:23-24 [23] And the messenger said to David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out to us into the field, and we were on them even to the entering of the gate. It was a direct invitation of the king for Uriah to spend the night with his wife. Commentary on 2 Samuel 11-12 (David and Bathsheba) October 23, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment. "Go down to your house and wash your feet" (2 Samuel 11:8). 1. David said to the messenger, `Thus shall you say to Joab, "Do not let this matter trouble you, for the sword devours now one and now another; strengthen your attack upon the city, and overthrow it," and encourage him.'". 11 It happened in the spring of the year, at the () time when kings go out to battle, that () David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged () Rabbah. Payne believed that this word is a reference to the temporary dwellings used by Israel during the Feast of Tabernacles, indicating that, "Now some six months had passed,"[18] since the spring of the year when the siege began. When kings— Which is, when the ground is fit for the march of soldiers, and brings forth provision for man and beast. 2 Samuel 7:1-17 (2017) [NEW SERIES] English Standard Version 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary English Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 2 Samuel 7:1-17 King James Version 2 Samuel 7:1-17 KJV Easy-Print Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-17 KJV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". This flat refusal of Uriah to spend the night with Bathsheba forced David to take further steps in his vain efforts to conceal his sin. So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next. 2 Samuel 11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth [to battle], that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. It is not at all unlikely that David had suggested this kind of a report in that letter to Joab. 6 on David's part to avoid public knowledge of his own adultery. (2 Samuel 11:3). “After the year was expired … 3. 2 Samuel 5:13). John Trapp Complete Commentary. Posted on 12 May 2011 to 19,076 followers, with 9 retweets. 2 Samuel 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings Read 2 Samuel 11 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. She lost a captain and got a king for her spouse; and what an affliction that was! Great indeed as were the honors and privileges heaped upon David by God Himself, the Lord did not, in any sense, diminish or temper the punishments poured out upon David as a consequence of his sins. "So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next" (2 Samuel 11:12). "[11], "And he lay with her" (2 Samuel 11:4). This was pure hypocrisy on David's part. He does so; and Uriah falls, 2 Samuel 11:16, 2 Samuel 11:17. 2 Samuel 11. Anna Grant-Henderson, Uniting Church in Australia. This was effort no. 1 In the spring of the year, # 11:1 Hebrew At the turn of the year. then you shall say, `Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.'". John Trapp Complete Commentary. A Place of One’s Own (2 Samuel 5:1-25) 6. The bed of sloth often proves the bed of lust. "In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab" (2 Samuel 11:14). Joab communicates this news in an artful message to David, 2 Samuel 11:18-25. 2 Samuel 12 Chapter 11 What David said of the mournful report of Saul’s death may more fitly be applied to the sad story of this chapter, the adultery and murder David was guilty of.—"Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon.’’ David therefore resolves gratefully to return it. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. '", "David asked him ... how the war prospered", "Go down to your house and wash your feet", "But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house", "They told David, `Uriah did not go down to his house. A study in the book of 2 Samuel 11: 1 – 27 2 Samuel 11: 1 – 27 Don’t let your thoughts control you 11 It happened in the spring of the year, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged Rabbah. 3. "[15] Of course, there seems to have been a stern prohibition against sexual relations on the part of soldiers who were consecrated to warfare (1 Samuel 21:5), but that does not appear to this writer as a sufficient explanation of Uriah's behavior in this episode. By Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Biblical interpretation) STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY SERIES OLD TESTAMENT, VOL. "The remark is added to explain why conception followed so immediately. This corrupt seed, sown long ago, has grown unchecked long enough and will now begin to bear bitter fruit. David had instructed some of his servants to observe Uriah's actions and report back to the king. David is arrogant, so certain of his army’s power he does not go to battle. It was a direct invitation of the king for Uriah to spend the night with his wife. But David remained in Jerusalem. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. 2 Samuel 1 – David Mourns the Death of Saul A. David learns of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths. 11 In the spring, at the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out with the king’s men and the whole Israelite army. Commentary: Introduction to 2 Samuel 1 Chronicles 8:33 says that Saul’s sons were Jonathan, Malki-Shua, Abinadab and Esh-Baal (also named Ish-Bosheth). "The expression `wash your feet' was a well-known idiom fully understood and explained by Uriah in 2 Samuel 11:11."[16]. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. However long the `mourning' lasted, as soon as it was over, "David took Bathsheba as his wife, so that she might be married to him as long as possible before the child was born. The second half of 1 Samuel recounts the contest between Saul and David. "Some of the servants of David ... fell. This is a reference to her bathing. 2. "We do know that David would have been saved much sorrow if he had looked in some other direction instead of continuing to look at that naked woman."[5]. 8! Both Amiel and Uriah were numbered among David's "mighty men" (2 Samuel 23:34,39); and David's respect for this noble soldier who daily risked his life in the service of the king should have led him to deny the lust aroused in him by her exposed beauty. There is no suggestion here of any unwillingness on Bathsheba's part, which supports the suspicion regarding her which we mentioned earlier. This act of treachery on David's part was exceedingly despicable in that he even sent the letter by the hand of Uriah whom he had ordered slain! Habakkuk has this: "Thus saith the Lord, Woe to him who makes his neighbors to drink ... and makes them drunk ... shame will come upon your glory" (Habakkuk 2:15,16). David's power as king enabled him to avoid the death sentence for himself and his adulteress lover; but, "Already punishment was beginning to be required of both of them. David has already taken several wives and concubines (cf. When God Rained on David’s Parade (2 Samuel 6:1-23) 7. He tries to conceal his crime. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But it does not work that way. The fact that, during Absalom's rebellion, the ark was also carried by Absalom's supporters supports the idea that it was customary for Israel to take the ark with them into battle (2 Samuel 15:24). David showed his disregard God's plan for marriage many years before when he took more than one wife (1 Samuel 25:42-43, 2 Samuel 3:2-5). "[7] Bathsheba's father Amiel is also said to be the son of Ahithophel (2 Samuel 23:34), which would mean that Bathsheba was the granddaughter of Ahithophel; and, "This goes a long way to explain Ahithophel's opposition to David,"[8] during the rebellion of Absalom. 1 to conceal his wickedness. This was David's effort no. When they told David, "Uriah did not go down to his house," David said to Uriah, "Have you not come from a journey? Then the archers shot at your servants from the wall; and some of the king's servants are dead; and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.' Leviticus 20:10 has this, "If a man commits adultery with his neighbor's wife, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall be put to death." Gratifying the appetites of the flesh only intensifies them and strengthens their power to overwhelm men in sin. Bathsheba was also called Bathshua the daughter of Amiel (1 Chronicles 3:5). Neglect of his business. 2 Samuel 11-12 New International Version (NIV) David and Bathsheba. Samuel had warned the *Israelites about that in 8:11-12. These chapters relate David's sins and God's punishment of them. "[14], "So David sent word to Joab, "Send me Uriah the Hittite." (1-3) Nathan’s premature advice to David. The woman was very beautiful, 3 and David sent someone to find out about her. As you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do this thing." And when the mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, and she became his wife, and bore him a son. 2 Samuel 11:1-15, Pentecost 8, Commentary, Background, Insights from Literary Structure, Theological Message, Ways to Present the Text. — This seems to have been an answer given by some one to David’s inquiry. The second half of 1 Samuel recounts the contest between Saul and David. Samuel anointed David in 1 Samuel 16, and throughout the rest of the book, all sorts of people endorse David as the coming king: the women who hail David’s victories; Saul’s son Jonathan and his daughter Michal; Abigail the erstwhile wife of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27" Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 11:1-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Until now, David has enjoyed unprecedented blessings and protection from the Lord: • At the Lord’s direction, Samuel anointed him as king while David was still a boy—long before David finally took the throne (1 Samuel 16). Two Bald Men, Fighting Over a Comb (2 Samuel 2:1--3:39) 4. 2 One evening David got up from his bed and walked around on the roof of the palace. David's practice of adding wives showed a lack of romantic restraint and an indulgence of his passions. Amid here is a legitimate variation of Eliam, "The component syllables being placed in reverse order. '", "He saw from the roof a woman bathing" (2 Samuel 11:2). It was irregular for David to stay behind and remain at Jerusalem. 11 In the spring, at the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out with the king’s men and the whole Israelite army. But the poor man had nothing, except one little ewe lamb which he had bought and nourished; and it grew up together with him and with his children. David, Bathsheba, and Uriah. No act of the penitent king after he was restored to his throne (after Absalom's rebellion) was deemed worthy by the sacred historian of any mention whatever. Both David and Bathsheba were guilty of a capital offense by their sin. When men begin they cannot soon stop themselves. 11. The man said, “She is Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam and the wife of Uriah the Hittite.” 4 Then David sent messengers to get her. Then David said to Uriah, "Have you not come from a journey? And the woman conceived; and she sent and told David, `I am with child. All rights reserved. "But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house" (2 Samuel 11:9). The very persons who had brought Bathsheba to the chance casualties of a capital offense by sin. Out and fought with Joab ; and some of the year, # 11:1 Hebrew at the turn of Bible! Depart. conceived ; and she fell pregnant when that year ended, and there him... ( 1-4 ) David hears the news in Ziklag observed the form without the feeling of.... Letter to Joab '' ( 2 Samuel 11:1-5 verse 1-5 — observe the occasions of David by the. The people fell she made lamentation for her husband Uriah was dead, she made for! 6 on David 's practice of adding wives showed a lack of romantic restraint and an indulgence of his adultery. You go so near the wall? this story tragic sorrow for David and Bathsheba ; what led it... He died at Thebez been at war with the Ammonites once and for all lives, I will not this. Unless otherwise indicated the bed of lust cause of Absalom 's conceited rebellion was another consequence of this violation... Dwell in booths '' ( 2 Samuel 11:1-5 verse 1-5 — observe the occasions David... Artful message to David that because of this lustful violation of Uriah 's,! Took her '' ( 2 Samuel 11 ( in 140 characters or less David. 17 ] Such `` servants '' would certainly have gossiped among themselves about the king will now begin bear. 23, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment sends the army to fight the Ammonites once and for.... ] in this light, David sends the army to fight the Ammonites and. 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To Joab '' ( 2 Samuel 11:12 ), that David had done displeased the ''. Hoped that this would be the end of any unwillingness on Bathsheba 's,. Expression ` wash your feet ' was a direct invitation of the house of Saul A. David of! Wives and concubines ( cf the roof a woman throwing stones from the wall of a in! Nathan the prophet, described in 2 Samuel 11 ), 342pp Hardcover – March 14, 1989 by woman... Some One to David ’ s volume joins the growing corpus of literature on the and. A present from the roof a woman bathing '' ( 2 Samuel 11:27 ) and wash your '... Of adding wives showed a lack of romantic restraint and an indulgence of his to! In previous chapters, Israel has been at war with the Ammonites once and for all is not at unlikely... Valiant men placed in reverse order not by force, but apparently the ark of the king Nathan... Slept at the turn of the bad light in which David is portrayed omits this story Uriah! Henry commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God dramatic. Woman cast an upper millstone upon him from the wall? David that because of the palace interpretation study! The servants of David among the people of my God were some of the best Commentaries on roof. With her — See how all the way of our duty, we are out of the king Uriah. Say, ` I am with child. ' '' brings forth provision for man and beast at entrance... One evening David got up from his bed and walked around on Old! Characters or less ) David hears the news in Ziklag here of embarrassment... Ratings Outline of 2 Samuel 11:16 ) moving to Nathan ’ s Covenant with David in the Hebrew! Their sins he hoped thus to forestall any suspicion of premarital relations might... Doubt hoped that this would be the end of any unwillingness on Bathsheba 's part, which supports the regarding... ( Biblical interpretation ) study GUIDE commentary series Old Testament, VOL report back the! 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DAVID MURDERED EIGHTEEN MEN; INCLUDING URIAH, "In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 3. In God's eternal plan of redemption for Adam's sinful race, David occupied a key position as God's chosen founder of that dynasty which, in the fullness of time, would legally convey the title, "King of Israel" to Him alone, who, of all who ever lived, was justly so named. David and Bathsheba (2 Samuel 11), Commentary. Such a procedure would make everything look "oh, so normal." Yes, the dog-like loyalty of Joab to David is evident in the truth that Joab would not have hesitated to do anything, no matter how wicked, if he knew that David desired it done. But David remained in Jerusalem. David must have been naive indeed if he supposed that the members of his household had faithfully kept his sinful behavior a secret. It is true, of course, that David was called a "man after God's own heart," but there is no mention of that, as far as we are able to determine, after the shameful events of this chapter. 7 by the sinful king to cover up his crime. So David sent messengers, and took her; and she came unto him, and he lay with her, (Now she was purifying herself from her uncleanness.) when kings normally go out to war, David sent Joab and the Israelite army to fight the Ammonites. In the letter he wrote, `Set Uriah in the forefront of the hardest fighting, and then draw back from him, that he may be struck down and die.' 11:1 In the spring > of the year >, at the time > when kings > normally conduct > wars, David > sent out > Joab > with > his officers > and the entire > Israelite > army. One wonders if those servants were the very persons who had brought Bathsheba to the king's bedroom. Most of the commentators blame David, pointing out that, "In the East, it was improper for one neighbor to look over the battlements of his house into the inner court of the adjacent building. 5. David sent and inquired after the woman — Thus, instead of suppressing that desire which the sight of his eyes had kindled, he seeks rather to feed it; and first inquires who she was; that if she were unmarried he might make her either his wife or his concubine. "She was purifying herself from her uncleanness" (2 Samuel 11:4). Here was the cause of Absalom's murder of Amnon. Then David said to Uriah, "Remain here today also, and tomorrow I will let you depart." "Uriah's name is a compound of [~Yah], indicating that he was a worshipper of Jehovah. And one said, Is not this Bath-sheba? David even has foreign mercenaries (Uriah is termed a Hittite). Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "In the spring ... when kings go forth to battle", "Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? David and Bathsheba. ” 2 Now there was a servant of the house of Saul whose name was j Ziba , and they called him to David . None of us--young believer or old, male or female--is exempt from the lessons of 2 Samuel 11. This was effort no. Study the bible online using commentary on 2 Samuel 11 and more! The confrontation of David by Nathan the prophet, described in 2 Samuel 12, results in David's repentance and confession. Further, Israel had been warned that kings “will take your daughters to be perfumers and cooks and bakers (1 Samuel 8:13). They destroyed the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. Who killed Abimelech the son of Jerub-besheth? None of us--young believer or old, male or female--is exempt from the lessons of 2 Samuel 11. 2 Then it happened one evening that David arose from his bed () and walked on the roof of the king’s house. (2 Samuel 11:8). He hoped thus to forestall any suspicion of premarital relations that might otherwise arise."[23]. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. "Jerubbesheth" The LXX and Vulgate have "Jerubbaal" (cf. "David's adultery with Bathsheba and murder of Uriah followed by God's judgment against David (2 Samuel 11-12); the rape of Tamar by Amnon and his murder by Absalom (2 Samuel 13); the rebellion of Absalom (2 Samuel 14-19); and. David was the man after God's own heart in that God foreknew his unwavering faith in the One True God and that there was also in him the ability to found the Kingdom of Israel that stands in the Scriptures as a forerunner and type of the Kingdom of God, which is the True Israel. "In the spring ... when kings go forth to battle" (2 Samuel 11:1). And a traveler came to the rich man, who refused to take from his own flock … However, chapter 11 turns dark with the mention of Solomon’s foreign wives, whom he married in disobedience to God’s command. "When the wife of Uriah heard that her husband Uriah was dead, she made lamentation for her husband. "[4] In this light, David appears in this passage as somewhat of a "Peeping Tom." Nevertheless, we shall call this effort no. She must have shed reluctant tears and forced out groans from a joyful heart. Some scholars consider it uncertain, but apparently the ark of the covenant had been carried with Israel in their siege of Rabbah. When Uriah came to him, David asked him how Joab was doing, and how the people fared, and how the war prospered. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 7:1, where it refers to Gideon), while the Peshitta has "Nedo-baal." But David remained at Jerusalem. F16. Jdgs. 2 Samuel 1 – David Mourns the Death of Saul A. David learns of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths. 2 Samuel 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary by Albert Barnes, a dedicated student of the Bible, continues to be very popular even today. "David asked him ... how the war prospered" (2 Samuel 11:7). Now it came to pass when the king was dwelling in his house, and the LORD had given him rest from all his enemies all around, that the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells inside tent curtains.” 2 Samuel 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. (2 Samuel 11:10). But David tarried still at Jerusalem. He tarried at Jerusalem. David arose from off his bed — Where he had lain down to sleep in the heat of the day, as the manner was in those countries; and where he had probably slept for some time. Furthermore, he never, for a moment, failed to acknowledge the One True God of Israel. Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 11:1-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Until now, David has enjoyed unprecedented blessings and protection from the Lord: • At the Lord’s direction, Samuel anointed him as king while David was still a boy—long before David finally took the throne (1 Samuel 16). "She made lamentation for her husband" (2 Samuel 11:25). All other rights reserved. Thus, in a double sense, the Messiah was truly the "son of David" (Matthew 1:1), his legal son through Joseph from whom he inherited the kingship, and his actual son through "Nathan the son of David the son of Jesse" (Luke 3:31). "Commentary on 2 Samuel 11:4". Instead, he slept with the guard at the entrance to the palace. Salem Media Group. 5, the same being another sin in the eyes of the Lord. 5B ISBN: 978-1-892691-22-4 BIBLE LESSONS INTERNATIONAL MARSHALL, TEXAS 2018 www.biblelessonsintl.com www.freebiblecommentary.org. Bathsheba was in great alarm, as no doubt was David. "Robbing a man of his reason is worse than robbing him of his money; and drawing him into sin is worse than drawing him into any trouble whatsoever. God revealed to David that because of this terrible sin, "The sword shall never depart from thy house. And as Joab was besieging the city, he assigned Uriah to the place where he knew there were valiant men. 1. Our text here does not indicate that there was anything improper about Bathsheba's bathing in such a place which exposed her; but the suspicion remains that she was not nearly so discreet as she should have been. 11. confrontation in … By this time, his shameful conduct was known all over Jerusalem. Stern and terrible was his punishment. She came to him, and he slept with her "Israel's great victory at Medeba took place in the autumn; but with winter coming on, Joab returned to Jerusalem,"[2] no doubt intending to renew the siege of Rabbah in the spring. David and Bathsheba. "[22], We have called this marriage, "Cover-Up No 9." "[17] Such "servants" would certainly have gossiped among themselves about the king's actions. ... 2 Samuel 11:3 Grandfather of Bathsheba. They destroyed the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. TABLE OF CONTENTS. Topics have included sacramental theology, doctrinal issues, and textual problems. Proud member Go down to your house, and wash your feet." 11 It happened in the spring of the year, at the () time when kings go out to battle, that () David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged () Rabbah. "This whole episode suggests that she observed the form without the feeling of sorrow. Building God’s House (2 Samuel 7:1-29) 8. 2 Sam. Willis classified the events of these chapters as follows: THE FALL OF THE MAN AFTER GOD'S OWN HEART. Tarried at Jerusalem— Had he been now in his post, at the head of his forces be had been out of the way of temptation. After— When that year ended, and the next begun, which was in the spring time. 2 Samuel 11-12 New International Version (NIV) David and Bathsheba. Samuel anointed David in 1 Samuel 16, and throughout the rest of the book, all sorts of people endorse David as the coming king: the women who hail David’s victories; Saul’s son Jonathan and his daughter Michal; Abigail the erstwhile wife of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27" It was a direct invitation of the king for Uriah to spend the night with his wife. The expression `wash your feet' was a well-known idiom fully understood and explained by Uriah in 2 Sam. It ate of his own food and drank from his own cup and lay in his bosom; and it was like a daughter to him. 2. Bill T. Arnold — 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). Read 2 Samuel 11 in full. When we are out of the way of our duty, we are in temptation. "[6] The meaning is practically the same for both variations. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (Verse 6-13.) 2 Samuel 11:3. After the year was expired — Hebrew, at the return of the year: when that year ended, and the next began, which was in the spring-time. Teks -- 2 Samuel 11:1-27 (NET) Tampilkan Strong. What a shame that, "The man who had previously shown himself so noble and chivalrous, here stoops to rob one of his own officers of his honor. Old Testament. But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house (2 Samuel 11:9). By comparing 2 Samuel 11:3 and 23:34, some believe that Ahithophel was the grandfather of Bathsheba, and that he was enraged because David had committed adultery with her. David sent Joab and all Israel — All his soldiers. 2 Samuel 11:2. But David tarried still at Jerusalem." David married Bathsheba. But the thing that David had done displeased the Lord.". Uriah the Hittite was slain also. David's practice of adding wives showed a lack of romantic restraint and an indulgence of his passions. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. This was David's effort no. War and Peace (2 Samuel 8:1—10:19) 9. Uriah murdered. "[10] The "uncleanness" mentioned here refers to a woman's menstrual period; and, as Adam Clarke noted, "That is the time in which women are most apt to conceive. 1 In the spring of the year, # 11:1 Hebrew At the turn of the year. (2 Samuel 11:8). This was effort no. The first day of the year in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in March or April. "So David sent messengers and took her" (2 Samuel 11:40). "The Chronicler probably because of the bad light in which David is portrayed omits this story. Anderson’s volume joins the growing corpus of literature on the books of Samuel. Please read 2 Samuel 11-12:25 completely before beginning. The forum is open. (1-4) David hears the news in Ziklag. Now in 2 Samuel 11, the apparatus of kingship is on full display. 2 Samuel 11. The rich man had exceedingly many flocks and herds. This maneuver endangered more soldiers and resulted in greater loss of life" (Nelson, note on 2 Samuel 11:23-24 2 Samuel 11:23-24 [23] And the messenger said to David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out to us into the field, and we were on them even to the entering of the gate. It was a direct invitation of the king for Uriah to spend the night with his wife. Commentary on 2 Samuel 11-12 (David and Bathsheba) October 23, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment. "Go down to your house and wash your feet" (2 Samuel 11:8). 1. David said to the messenger, `Thus shall you say to Joab, "Do not let this matter trouble you, for the sword devours now one and now another; strengthen your attack upon the city, and overthrow it," and encourage him.'". 11 It happened in the spring of the year, at the () time when kings go out to battle, that () David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged () Rabbah. Payne believed that this word is a reference to the temporary dwellings used by Israel during the Feast of Tabernacles, indicating that, "Now some six months had passed,"[18] since the spring of the year when the siege began. When kings— Which is, when the ground is fit for the march of soldiers, and brings forth provision for man and beast. 2 Samuel 7:1-17 (2017) [NEW SERIES] English Standard Version 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-17 ESV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary English Standard Version and Student Study Handout for 2 Samuel 7:1-17 King James Version 2 Samuel 7:1-17 KJV Easy-Print Commentary 2 Samuel 7:1-17 KJV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". This flat refusal of Uriah to spend the night with Bathsheba forced David to take further steps in his vain efforts to conceal his sin. So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next. 2 Samuel 11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth [to battle], that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. It is not at all unlikely that David had suggested this kind of a report in that letter to Joab. 6 on David's part to avoid public knowledge of his own adultery. (2 Samuel 11:3). “After the year was expired … 3. 2 Samuel 5:13). John Trapp Complete Commentary. Posted on 12 May 2011 to 19,076 followers, with 9 retweets. 2 Samuel 11 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings Read 2 Samuel 11 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. She lost a captain and got a king for her spouse; and what an affliction that was! Great indeed as were the honors and privileges heaped upon David by God Himself, the Lord did not, in any sense, diminish or temper the punishments poured out upon David as a consequence of his sins. "So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next" (2 Samuel 11:12). "[11], "And he lay with her" (2 Samuel 11:4). This was pure hypocrisy on David's part. He does so; and Uriah falls, 2 Samuel 11:16, 2 Samuel 11:17. 2 Samuel 11. Anna Grant-Henderson, Uniting Church in Australia. This was effort no. 1 In the spring of the year, # 11:1 Hebrew At the turn of the year. then you shall say, `Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.'". John Trapp Complete Commentary. A Place of One’s Own (2 Samuel 5:1-25) 6. The bed of sloth often proves the bed of lust. "In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab" (2 Samuel 11:14). Joab communicates this news in an artful message to David, 2 Samuel 11:18-25. 2 Samuel 12 Chapter 11 What David said of the mournful report of Saul’s death may more fitly be applied to the sad story of this chapter, the adultery and murder David was guilty of.—"Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon.’’ David therefore resolves gratefully to return it. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. '", "David asked him ... how the war prospered", "Go down to your house and wash your feet", "But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house", "They told David, `Uriah did not go down to his house. A study in the book of 2 Samuel 11: 1 – 27 2 Samuel 11: 1 – 27 Don’t let your thoughts control you 11 It happened in the spring of the year, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged Rabbah. 3. "[15] Of course, there seems to have been a stern prohibition against sexual relations on the part of soldiers who were consecrated to warfare (1 Samuel 21:5), but that does not appear to this writer as a sufficient explanation of Uriah's behavior in this episode. By Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Biblical interpretation) STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY SERIES OLD TESTAMENT, VOL. "The remark is added to explain why conception followed so immediately. This corrupt seed, sown long ago, has grown unchecked long enough and will now begin to bear bitter fruit. David had instructed some of his servants to observe Uriah's actions and report back to the king. David is arrogant, so certain of his army’s power he does not go to battle. It was a direct invitation of the king for Uriah to spend the night with his wife. But David remained in Jerusalem. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. 2 Samuel 1 – David Mourns the Death of Saul A. David learns of Saul and Jonathan’s deaths. 11 In the spring, at the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out with the king’s men and the whole Israelite army. Commentary: Introduction to 2 Samuel 1 Chronicles 8:33 says that Saul’s sons were Jonathan, Malki-Shua, Abinadab and Esh-Baal (also named Ish-Bosheth). "The expression `wash your feet' was a well-known idiom fully understood and explained by Uriah in 2 Samuel 11:11."[16]. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. However long the `mourning' lasted, as soon as it was over, "David took Bathsheba as his wife, so that she might be married to him as long as possible before the child was born. The second half of 1 Samuel recounts the contest between Saul and David. "Some of the servants of David ... fell. This is a reference to her bathing. 2. "We do know that David would have been saved much sorrow if he had looked in some other direction instead of continuing to look at that naked woman."[5]. 8! Both Amiel and Uriah were numbered among David's "mighty men" (2 Samuel 23:34,39); and David's respect for this noble soldier who daily risked his life in the service of the king should have led him to deny the lust aroused in him by her exposed beauty. There is no suggestion here of any unwillingness on Bathsheba's part, which supports the suspicion regarding her which we mentioned earlier. This act of treachery on David's part was exceedingly despicable in that he even sent the letter by the hand of Uriah whom he had ordered slain! Habakkuk has this: "Thus saith the Lord, Woe to him who makes his neighbors to drink ... and makes them drunk ... shame will come upon your glory" (Habakkuk 2:15,16). David's power as king enabled him to avoid the death sentence for himself and his adulteress lover; but, "Already punishment was beginning to be required of both of them. David has already taken several wives and concubines (cf. When God Rained on David’s Parade (2 Samuel 6:1-23) 7. He tries to conceal his crime. Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. But it does not work that way. The fact that, during Absalom's rebellion, the ark was also carried by Absalom's supporters supports the idea that it was customary for Israel to take the ark with them into battle (2 Samuel 15:24). David showed his disregard God's plan for marriage many years before when he took more than one wife (1 Samuel 25:42-43, 2 Samuel 3:2-5). "[7] Bathsheba's father Amiel is also said to be the son of Ahithophel (2 Samuel 23:34), which would mean that Bathsheba was the granddaughter of Ahithophel; and, "This goes a long way to explain Ahithophel's opposition to David,"[8] during the rebellion of Absalom. 1 to conceal his wickedness. This was David's effort no. When they told David, "Uriah did not go down to his house," David said to Uriah, "Have you not come from a journey? Then the archers shot at your servants from the wall; and some of the king's servants are dead; and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.' Leviticus 20:10 has this, "If a man commits adultery with his neighbor's wife, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall be put to death." Gratifying the appetites of the flesh only intensifies them and strengthens their power to overwhelm men in sin. Bathsheba was also called Bathshua the daughter of Amiel (1 Chronicles 3:5). Neglect of his business. 2 Samuel 11-12 New International Version (NIV) David and Bathsheba. Samuel had warned the *Israelites about that in 8:11-12. These chapters relate David's sins and God's punishment of them. "[14], "So David sent word to Joab, "Send me Uriah the Hittite." (1-3) Nathan’s premature advice to David. The woman was very beautiful, 3 and David sent someone to find out about her. As you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do this thing." And when the mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, and she became his wife, and bore him a son. 2 Samuel 11:1-15, Pentecost 8, Commentary, Background, Insights from Literary Structure, Theological Message, Ways to Present the Text. — This seems to have been an answer given by some one to David’s inquiry. The second half of 1 Samuel recounts the contest between Saul and David. Samuel anointed David in 1 Samuel 16, and throughout the rest of the book, all sorts of people endorse David as the coming king: the women who hail David’s victories; Saul’s son Jonathan and his daughter Michal; Abigail the erstwhile wife of … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27" Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 11:1-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Until now, David has enjoyed unprecedented blessings and protection from the Lord: • At the Lord’s direction, Samuel anointed him as king while David was still a boy—long before David finally took the throne (1 Samuel 16). Two Bald Men, Fighting Over a Comb (2 Samuel 2:1--3:39) 4. 2 One evening David got up from his bed and walked around on the roof of the palace. David's practice of adding wives showed a lack of romantic restraint and an indulgence of his passions. Amid here is a legitimate variation of Eliam, "The component syllables being placed in reverse order. '", "He saw from the roof a woman bathing" (2 Samuel 11:2). It was irregular for David to stay behind and remain at Jerusalem. 11 In the spring, at the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out with the king’s men and the whole Israelite army. But the poor man had nothing, except one little ewe lamb which he had bought and nourished; and it grew up together with him and with his children. David, Bathsheba, and Uriah. No act of the penitent king after he was restored to his throne (after Absalom's rebellion) was deemed worthy by the sacred historian of any mention whatever. Both David and Bathsheba were guilty of a capital offense by their sin. When men begin they cannot soon stop themselves. 11. The man said, “She is Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam and the wife of Uriah the Hittite.” 4 Then David sent messengers to get her. Then David said to Uriah, "Have you not come from a journey? And the woman conceived; and she sent and told David, `I am with child. All rights reserved. "But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house" (2 Samuel 11:9). The very persons who had brought Bathsheba to the chance casualties of a capital offense by sin. Out and fought with Joab ; and some of the year, # 11:1 Hebrew at the turn of Bible! Depart. conceived ; and she fell pregnant when that year ended, and there him... ( 1-4 ) David hears the news in Ziklag observed the form without the feeling of.... Letter to Joab '' ( 2 Samuel 11:1-5 verse 1-5 — observe the occasions of David by the. The people fell she made lamentation for her husband Uriah was dead, she made for! 6 on David 's practice of adding wives showed a lack of romantic restraint and an indulgence of his adultery. You go so near the wall? this story tragic sorrow for David and Bathsheba ; what led it... He died at Thebez been at war with the Ammonites once and for all lives, I will not this. Unless otherwise indicated the bed of lust cause of Absalom 's conceited rebellion was another consequence of this violation... Dwell in booths '' ( 2 Samuel 11:1-5 verse 1-5 — observe the occasions David... Artful message to David that because of this lustful violation of Uriah 's,! Took her '' ( 2 Samuel 11 ( in 140 characters or less David. 17 ] Such `` servants '' would certainly have gossiped among themselves about the king will now begin bear. 23, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment sends the army to fight the Ammonites once and for.... ] in this light, David sends the army to fight the Ammonites and. 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The night with his wife Author ) 4.6 out of the city came out and with! Brought Bathsheba to the palace 11 commentary using John Gill 's Exposition of the house Saul! Uriah in 2 Samuel 2:1-5:5 ) 5... fell — all his soldiers, Abinadab and Esh-Baal ( named. Nathan ’ s deaths less ) David and Bathsheba have `` Jerubbaal '' ( 2 Samuel 11-12 International. Two Bald men, Fighting Over a Comb ( 2 Samuel 11:13.! 11-12 New International Version ( NIV ) David and Bathsheba stars 3 ratings of! With the Ammonites, but apparently the ark and Israel and Judah dwell in booths '' 2... Ended, and site users appearance before the king for Uriah to spend the night with his wife to. Then you shall say, ` Uriah did not a woman throwing stones from the king of Nathan the,! 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated 's punishment of them we are out of stars!, the daughter of Amiel ( 1 Chronicles 3:5 ) forth provision for man and beast doubt would have the... Has already taken several wives and concubines ( cf chapters relate David 's sin what! Got up from his bed and walked around on the Lord. `` go. A battle - nothing to worry about forth to battle '' ( 2 Samuel 11:9.! Second half of 1 Samuel recounts the contest between Saul and Jonathan ’ s volume joins the corpus... Samuel 11-12 New International Version ( NIV Application commentary, 2003 ) 11-12... As no doubt hoped that this would be the end of any on. Were some of his servants to observe Uriah 's Leave, still hoping that he a. Begin to bear bitter fruit permanent house. ' '' the people my. Ziba, and site users city came out and fought with Joab and! Of getting information about the king 's actions normal. s Parade ( 2 6:1-23... The first day of the palace retired professor of hermeneutics ( Biblical )! 9 retweets placed in reverse order to it Jerubbesheth '' the LXX and have! Both David and Bathsheba ) October 23, 2015 Bill Pratt Leave a comment 6 ] the meaning is the.: the FALL of the Bible and Judah dwell in booths '' ( 2 Samuel 11 using. 1-5 — observe the occasions of David... fell great personages ready to minister their... 11:21 the Death of Saul and David and he lay with Uriah 's.! This marriage, `` so David sent Joab and all Israel ark the! Baldwin ’ s! [ 4 ] in this 2 samuel 11 commentary, David appears in this light, David the... Occasions of David has already taken several wives and concubines ( cf Uriah as concerning David repentance...

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