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They tend to move in sharp, fast movements and shy away from being closer to others. The Sumatra Chicken originated on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. However, with these chickens and roosters living well together, even having the males and females together will not cause any of them to fly the coop. See our, What’s best nutrition plan healthy chickens, Privacy Policy, Disclosures and Affiliate Disclosure. The breed is considered a primitive one; the Sumatra retains a strong flying ability, unlike most modern chicken breeds. Males often even sport multiple spurs on each leg. APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties: As of January 1, 2012, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sumatra_chicken&oldid=985418357, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The American Standard of Perfection (2001), American Poultry Association, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 20:58. Your information will *never* be shared or sold to a 3rd party. Photo from Wikipedia (Blue Sumatra, a rarer color than the standard Black). With wings that work very well, they could decide to fly away. The best flier is the Sumatra. With its fancy feathers and regal stance, the Sumatra chicken looks like few other birds. They were often only used when other chickens were not available. Their small pea combs and sleek body shape give them the aspect of a bird of prey rather than a chicken. The breed is considered a primitive one; the Sumatra retains a strong flying ability, unlike most modern chicken breeds.The males will fight for dominance, though they usually do not fight to the death. She will ensure that the egg is kept at the perfect temperature and has the right amount of humidity, as well. The discovery happened when they found that these chickens were flying between Sumatra and Java. [citation needed] The Sumatra is a breed of chicken native of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. [citation needed] Both males and females have small to nonexistent wattles, and males often have multiple spurs on each leg. [4] The breed is considered a primitive one; the Sumatra retains a strong flying ability, unlike most modern chicken breeds. Cocks weigh 2.25–2.70 kilograms, and hens about 1.80 kg. Here we explain the magnificent Sumatra chicken to see what they are like and what these birds can do. Opposite from their female counterparts, the roosters tend not to be as broody. Sumatra: This is the best flying chicken of all chickens, flying as far as 5 miles on the wind. Hens are generally only broody during breeding season as well. The breed comes in blue and white varieties, as well as the unstandardised splash - a natural result of breeding blue chickens. Still, because their temperament is somewhat similar to the males, they are a bit hard to handle. Unlike many modern breeds, Sumatras are strong flyers and the males can get very aggressive during breeding season. If you really want a good free ranging chicken that can easily get away from a predator, you should go with sumatras bantam or LF, old english games bantam or LF, or american games Bantams or LF. Unfortunately, they have often been bred for cockfighting, but this physical prowess also makes them one of the strongest flyers. They are often popular with kids who raise them for FFA or 4-H. Before choosing them for your backyard hobby farm or homestead, it’s important to know they aren’t as friendly as other breeds. The black Sumatra chickens break the look of a typical chicken. And the bantam roosters weight about 0.735 kg and hens about 0.625 kg. If you choose to raise them, they will do best in an open area where they can forage as they wish. The Sumatra chicken isn’t particularly friendly so if you are looking for a chicken as more of a pet and for eggs, don’t choose this breed. Finally, the Sumatra chicken, which is known to be a primitive breed, retains a vigorous flight ability. Black Sumatra hens tend to be jumpy and extremely alert. If you choose to let your birds free-range, the Phoenix is a great candidate for free-ranging. For the free-ranging chicken-keeper, this trait means that the Sumatra is able to protect itself a bit more than the average bird! This makes them easy to lose but hard to catch, which is one reason why they are not often seen as a backyard breed. These chickens made their debut into the United States in April of 1847, introduced by J.A.C. Still, with the tails being so long and decorative, Sumatra chickens look bigger than they are. Behavior/Temperament. Sumatra Chickens are one of the most beautiful exhibitions chicken breeds, and though they lack a diversely colored plumage, they make up for it with such a distinct shining coat of glossy black feathers. The temperament of black Sumatra roosters is jumpy and a bit flighty. A Sumatra is a Chicken breed native to Indonesia’s Sumatra Island. Silkies have poor flying skills, always good to keep them away from predators. In fact, people who don't know much about chickens will be gob-smacked by your flock of blue-egg laying Ameraucanas. Without the need or pressure for flight, this skill repurposes into something else. This can make it difficult to tell which chicken laid the egg if you have a few different breeds. Remember, if you are looking for best egg-laying chickens, do not choose the Sumatra chicken. Ameraucanas can be flyers but are not flighty--you'll more often find them flying to a friendly shoulder than over a fence. Today the … This means, the Sumatra chicken doesn’t just have wings for show. The sickles, coverts, and tail feathers are long and flowing and will drag the ground but give the breed a beautiful distinction. They have long, flowing tail feathers. Sumatra: Sumatra chickens are another incredible variety of chicken. The event hosted the Sumatra National Meet which was … This was seen in the early days of cockfighting, so people began to breed them with others so the offspring would be better fighters. There are a few things that are notable about this chicken’s appearance like the dark to black skin on their face and long tail with black plumage. Silkie is beautiful, cuddly, kind and friendly at the same time. These chickens were introduced to the U.S. in 1847. Today Sumatras are mostly kept for show and exhibition. These chickens were originally imported from Sumatra in 1847 to the U.S. and Europe as fighting cocks for the purpose of entertainment, but today the breed is primarily kept for exhibition. Though we have already mentioned that they are black with a green iridescent shine on the feathers, that was not always the case. In 1847, Sumatra Chickens were exported from Sumatra to the United States and Europe for cockfighting. They prefer to be left alone to roam freely. Though the all-black was the most common color, the red-breasted chickens were seen often, too. In 1883, the Black Sumatra was accepted into the American Standard of Perfection. They are not usually used in coops for a reason, and with their tendency to be jumpy and fly away, this is a big consideration before deciding to keep them. They were bred to be that way once they were brought to the U.S. Once this type of breed was seen, people flocked to them because of the long tail and intense shine of the beetle-green and purple colors shining on the tail. They can jump up to 6 feet. Sumatra chickens originated in the Indonesian islands, where many of them still roam wild. They are known to be pretty difficult to raise because of this type of temperament. When they were found in the wild, they could be seen with a few other colors on them, as well. Their eggs are small. They have several spurs on each leg. [1] Hens are poor layers with yearly totals of eggs amounting to about 100 white creamy eggs a year, and are exceptionally susceptible to broodiness. This is because homesteaders don’t often choose them unless it’s to breed them or show them. Or, if you want to have more chickens for laying eggs in the future as your current hens age, you can have them fertilized by the roosters. One of the main differences between the males and females of this breed is the hen’s tendency to brood. Many people raise them to show or to breed. Historically, the Sumatra chicken was known to fly. Though this might seem like a personality trait, there is a real reason why this happens. They are great jumpers and they cannot tolerate confinement. The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and the black variety was admitted as a standard breed in 1883. Can Sumatra Chickens Fly? They are great flyers, but the breed that exists today does not tend to fly. A unique feature of the Sumatra is that males have multiple spurs, with Sumatra sometimes having as many as 3 spurs per leg After this period, she will hatch the eggs, and you will add more chickens to your coop. Chickens also do not have pneumatic bones, air sacs, and highly developed pectoral and wing muscles. They typically come in shades of white and off-white. Like other female chickens, black Sumatra hens lay eggs but they are not big egg producers. This is to protect them from predators. Sumatra chickens were originally found on the isle of Sumatra. For the free-ranging chicken-keeper, this trait means that the Sumatra is able to protect itself a bit more than the average bird! Other sumatras of mine...Sorry for the tail.Tail is short a little bit couse ı breed him free range not like mine other sumatra rooster. The Sumatra chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) and was admitted as a standard breed in 1883 in the Black variety. The Sumatra chicken is an ornamental breed. The black-colored chickens were the ones that were the most popular among people. The American Poultry Association recognizes three varieties: Blue, White, and Black. Some weigh eight to 10 pounds on average, but you will find others that are only one or two pounds. Black Sumatra roosters are also good at shooting off into the air, so they can escape from anything dangerous. Standard Sumatra roosters weight about 2.25 – 2.70 kg, and hens about 1.80 kg. While they lay eggs, that isn’t the main reason to keep Sumatra chickens. At this time they came under various names Sumatra Pheasant game, Sumatra … A chicken hen is also much easier to move to a brooding pen where the keets will be well protected while they grow. During this time, their behavior can gradually become more dangerous. Sumatra was admitted to the American Standard of Perfection. Sumatra chickens have long curves and very attractive plumage and multiple spurs on each leg. These chickens are quite adept at flying and not tolerant of being contained. Any novice or seasoned chicken owner can take care of Silkie. Therefore, it is best to keep their spaces separate so that you can tell them apart easily. This doesn’t happen much with the males, but it is pretty common with the hens. Without the need or pressure for flight, this skill repurposes into something else. Sumatras are primarily an ornamental breed kept for their attractive plumage. Eggs More pheasant-like than any other chickens, Sumatras have been seen flying 70 feet to get across a river. This makes them overreact to small noises and causes them to jump into the air when they feel like they need to get away. In contrast with this, bird species that are known to be flightless can be similar to chickens with less flying capabilities. We all smile at the ‘ proto flights’ of baby chicks as they try out their little wings – some flights end in near disaster, but it’s all part of their learning process for later in life. Most often they are a lustrous black with a green sheen throughout the body and tail. This breed of chickens does have wings and can fly like many other birds. Few more chickens which are alike are Iowa blue chicken, shamo, Ancona chickens, sumatra chicken. The Sumatra roosters can be aggressive with each other. As mentioned, because they can fly, it can be difficult to catch them when you are keeping them for egg production. They were not thought of as egg-producers, and the males were often used in cockfights. The breed comes in red black, blue and white varieties, as well as the unstandardised splash - a natural result of breeding blue chickens. This means, the Sumatra chicken doesn’t just have wings for … As you would with raising any backyard chickens, you will want to enclose the run and any outdoor space completely. That’s a considerably shorter distance than chickens flew at the annual International Chicken Flying Meet (which was discontinued in 1994), where in 1989 a bantam hen set the record by flying more than 542 feet. They have amazing plumage which makes them great for shows. However, what distinguishes them the most is their beautiful, jet-black skin and feathers. The males will fight for dominance, though they usually do not fight to the death. Now, the Sumatra chicken that you will see has the elongated tail feathers, purple features across the face, and the green and purple shimmering on the feathers. They are great jumpers also. Black Sumatras are considered a primitive poultry breed; the Sumatra retains a strong flying ability, unlike most modern chicken breeds. Most often they are a lustrous black with a green sheen throughout the body and tail. I had a Sumatra roosters a few years back and he couldn't fly anymore than any other chicken. Interesting Chicken Flying Facts. Sumatra chickens originated in the Indonesian islands, where many of them still roam wild. While Sumatra hens will lay an average of 100 white eggs per year, they are more likely to go broody than other breeds. Some bantams can get good lift and get up a bit higher, but I … Yet, these chickens are stunning. Typically, a hen will allow the egg to incubate for up to 21 days. In contrast with this, bird species that are known to be flightless can be similar to chickens with less flying capabilities. We participate in Affiliate programmes, some of the links mentioned above are affiliate links, which means that if you choose to make a purchase, I will earn a commission. The Black Sumatra fowl is a native of Sumatra and as far as is known, they are as pure blooded today as when first introduced into America from Angers Point Sumatra in 1847. Friesian cross wyandotte hens flying around my house and yard Sumatra chickens do not like to be handled. Some bantams can get good lift and get up a bit higher, but I haven't seen any actual flying… The Sumatra chicken … This chicken can fly very well, so if you choose to keep them in a run, it probably needs to be covered. Many people choose the Sumatra chicken for showing. The hens will isolate and keep to themselves when they are becoming mothers. They can fly, and they do so quite well. Thus, we will hardly see a chicken flying because we only live with fat domestic chickens, raised only, to be consumed by men. Rural Living Gardening | Hydroponics | Generators, Backyard Chickens | Barbecue Grills | Greenhouses | Prepping | Livestock. Whether you are thinking about raising chickens for eggs, for show,  or adding to your brood, here’s what to know about the Sumatra chicken. Cocks weigh 2.25–2.70 kilograms, and hens about 1.80 kg. Black Sumatra hens and Blue Sumatra hens lay about 100 white eggs a year. Although they don’t fly a… This chicken hasn’t been coddled by owners and has retained its original wilderness even though it’s been domesticated for a thousand years. They have amazing plumage which makes them great for shows. You should pay close attention to the male Sumatra chickens during the breeding season. S lay can be similar to chickens with less flying capabilities found the. 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